Social Determinants of American Indian Nutritional Health

Donald Warne, Siobhan Wescott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The American Indian (AI) population suffers from significant health disparities, including nutrition-related chronic diseases (diabetes, cancer, and heart disease). Several risk factors for disease and social determinants of health have unique histories in the AI population, including historical trauma, boarding schools, adverse childhood experiences, poverty, federal food programs, and food deserts. To effectively address these disparities, a multipronged approach in collaboration with stakeholders is needed to address the upstream social determinants of health and to increase access to healthier foods. Promising practices and strategies can be considered in several focus areas, including 1) improving existing food programs, 2) promoting breastfeeding and early childhood nutrition, 3) promoting food sovereignty and access to traditional foods, 4) expanding locally cultivated foods, and 5) taxing unhealthy foods and subsidizing healthier options. As these strategies are implemented, it is vital that they are studied, evaluated, and reported to expand tribally specific evidence-based practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12-18
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Developments in Nutrition
Volume3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 13 2019

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Keywords

  • American Indian
  • health disparities
  • historical trauma
  • nutrition
  • social determinants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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