Social and psychological resources among homeless youth: protection against risk for physical victimization?

Kimberly A. Tyler, Rachel M. Schmitz, Colleen M. Ray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This study examines child physical abuse, social and psychological resources, and street physical victimization among 150 homeless youth from the Midwest. Path analyses results show that males have higher self-efficacy than females, while older youth and those who experienced less child physical abuse reported higher self-esteem. Self-efficacy and self-esteem were positively associated with social support as was being younger and having experienced less child physical abuse. Younger respondents reported fewer difficulties obtaining basic necessities, and those who had less trouble finding these necessities experienced less street physical victimization. Females, younger youth, and those who experienced less child physical abuse reported lower rates of physical victimization. Agencies should be aware that many youth experiencing homelessness have trouble obtaining basic necessities, which increases risk for victimization. Moreover, the ability to obtain necessities appears to override the influential role of social support, further affirming the foundational importance of agencies helping youth meet their basic needs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-122
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Social Distress and the Homeless
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 3 2019



  • Homeless youth
  • child physical abuse
  • physical victimization
  • psychological resources
  • social resources

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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