Smoking intervention: Combination therapy using nicotine chewing gum and the American Lung Association's "Freedom from Smoking" manuals

David M. Daughton, Irving Kass, A. James Fix, Kay Ahrens, Stephen I. Rennard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations


The smoking cessation efficacy of a two-session group program using the American Lung Association's "Freedom from Smoking" self-help manuals, nicotine gum, and brief, repeated professional supervision was estimated in an uncontrolled clinical trial. Of the 39 participants, 12 (31%) remained cigarette free for 1 year, and 4 others (10%) had not smoked during the 3 months prior to the 1-year follow-up. Claims of cessation were verified by expired-air carbon monoxide measurement. Nearly all successful abstainers were able to achieve 48-hr cessation during their first week using the gum. This finding suggests that nicotine gum is best used to help the smoker quit abruptly, rather than as an aid in a tapering-off strategy. This study's smoking intervention program appears to provide a relatively low-cost method of improving the success rates among smokers who wish to quit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)432-435
Number of pages4
JournalPreventive Medicine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1986


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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