Smoking intervention: Combination therapy using nicotine chewing gum and the American Lung Association's "Freedom from Smoking" manuals

David M. Daughton, Irving Kass, A. James Fix, Kay Ahrens, Stephen I. Rennard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The smoking cessation efficacy of a two-session group program using the American Lung Association's "Freedom from Smoking" self-help manuals, nicotine gum, and brief, repeated professional supervision was estimated in an uncontrolled clinical trial. Of the 39 participants, 12 (31%) remained cigarette free for 1 year, and 4 others (10%) had not smoked during the 3 months prior to the 1-year follow-up. Claims of cessation were verified by expired-air carbon monoxide measurement. Nearly all successful abstainers were able to achieve 48-hr cessation during their first week using the gum. This finding suggests that nicotine gum is best used to help the smoker quit abruptly, rather than as an aid in a tapering-off strategy. This study's smoking intervention program appears to provide a relatively low-cost method of improving the success rates among smokers who wish to quit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)432-435
Number of pages4
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1986

Fingerprint

Tobacco Use Cessation Products
Nicotine
Smoking
Lung
Gingiva
Smoking Cessation
Carbon Monoxide
Tobacco Products
Air
Clinical Trials
Costs and Cost Analysis
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Smoking intervention : Combination therapy using nicotine chewing gum and the American Lung Association's "Freedom from Smoking" manuals. / Daughton, David M.; Kass, Irving; Fix, A. James; Ahrens, Kay; Rennard, Stephen I.

In: Preventive Medicine, Vol. 15, No. 4, 07.1986, p. 432-435.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Daughton, David M. ; Kass, Irving ; Fix, A. James ; Ahrens, Kay ; Rennard, Stephen I. / Smoking intervention : Combination therapy using nicotine chewing gum and the American Lung Association's "Freedom from Smoking" manuals. In: Preventive Medicine. 1986 ; Vol. 15, No. 4. pp. 432-435.
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