Smokeless tobacco expectancies among a sample of rural adolescents

Ian M. Newman, Duane F. Shell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations


Objective: To examine the role of expectancies in adolescent smokeless tobacco (ST) use. Methods: Self-report measures of students' ST expectancies, cigarette and ST use, and peer and family tobacco use were collected from a sample of 978 rural high school students. Results: Student expectancy beliefs significantly predicted ST use and intention to try ST in the next year. Student expectancies about ST were influenced by gender, cigarette use, and peer tobacco use. Family-member tobacco use did not strongly affect expectancies. Conclusion: Expectancies play a meaningful role in students' current and future decisions whether to use ST.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-136
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005



  • Expectancies
  • Rural adolescents
  • Smokeless
  • Spit tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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