Smaller intravenous perfluorocarbon-containing microbubbles produce greater myocardial contrast with intermittent harmonic imaging and better delineation of risk area during acute myocardial ischemia

Thomas Richard Porter, Shouping Li, Karen Kilzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations


The purpose of this article was to determine whether applying negative or positive pressure to perfluorocarbon-containing microbubbles before intravenous injection would improve the myocardial contrast when using newer imaging techniques such as harmonic and intermittent imaging. Perfluorocarbon-containing microbubbles were exposed to sustained negative or positive pressure before intravenous injection in 10 dogs. Microbubble size distribution and concentration were measured after each exposure. Peak myocardial video-intensity with intermittent harmonic imaging with each sample was compared. Microbubbles exposed to -200 mm Hg pressure before intravenous injection produced both the highest concentration of micro-bubbles and greater numbers of microbubbles less than 4 μm. Peak myocardial videointensity did not correlate with microbubble concentration or size but did correlate with the absolute number of microbubbles <4 μm (mean r value 0.76, range 0.61 to 0.90). Risk area was best visualized with perfluorocarbon-containing microbubble samples containing the smallest microbubbles. We conclude that the myocardial contrast observed with perfluorocarbon-containing microbubbles can be enhanced by applying negative pressure before injection. The mechanism for this improved contrast appears to be related to creation of smaller microbubbles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)792-797
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1997


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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