Objective. The authors study the contribution of laryngomalacia to obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in children older than 12 months. The clinical and polysomnographic outcomes in patients with OSAS who underwent a supraglottoplasty were also studied. Setting. Tertiary care children's hospital. Study Design. A case series with chart review. Subjects and Methods. A review of consecutive pediatric patients diagnosed with both OSAS and state-dependant laryngomalacia (SDL) between 2005 and 2008. The diagnosis of SDL was made via laryngoscopy under light general anesthesia (sleep endoscopy). All subjects underwent a supraglottoplasty. Results. A total of 43 patients met inclusion criteria, and 36 patients had complete pre- and postoperative data available for review. The apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) score decreased following supraglottoplasty for 33 (92%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 78%-98%) of the 36 patients. The mean (SD) change in AHI score (calculated as the postoperative minus the preoperative measure) was -9.2 (11.2), representing a statistically significant reduction (95% CI, -13.0 to -5.5; P < .0001). The mean (SD) preoperative AHI was 13.3 (12.9). The minimum oxygen saturation increased following supraglottoplasty for 21 (58%; 95% CI, 41%-74%). The mean (SD) change in the minimum oxygen saturation was 3.5 (8.3), which was a statistically significant increase (95% CI, 0.7-6.3; P = .015). Conclusion. Laryngomalacia may contribute significantly to OSAS in some children who are 12 months and older. Sleep endoscopy appears to be an effective method in the diagnosis of SDL. When present, a supraglottoplasty can be an effective procedure and may significantly improve symptoms of OSAS.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2012|
- sleep apnea
- sleep endoscopy
ASJC Scopus subject areas