Sexually and physically abused children

Grace S. Hubel, Mary Fran Flood, David J Hansen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Child physical abuse (CPA) and child sexual abuse (CSA), although not psychiatric disorders, are prevalent and stressful life events that often result in the need for mental health interviewing services. The US Department of Health and Human Services (2008) recorded 142,041 cases of CPA and 78,120 cases of CSA reported to Child Protective Services (CPS) in the United States in 2006. These data are probably an underestimation, as many incidents of child abuse are not reported. Multiple factors, including the child's developmental level, race, ethnicity, abuse severity, and relationship with the perpetrator influence whether the abuse is disclosed (Hanson et al., 2003; Paine & Hansen, 2002). However, disclosure does not necessarily mean that the abuse is reported. For example, a national survey of adolescents found that 65% of physical abuse cases and 86% of sexual abuse cases experienced by the adolescents surveyed were never reported to authorities (Kilpatrick, Saunders, & Smith, 2003). The sequelae of abuse vary considerably, and there is no single pattern that typifies postabuse distress in children. In fact, not all children who are abused will display psychiatric symptoms or functional impairments (Haskett, Nears, Ward, & McPherson, 2006; Kendall-Tackett, Williams, & Finkelor, 1993; Putnam, 2003) and those who do show symptoms are a heterogeneous group presenting with a wide range of symptoms including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, and behavioral disorders (i.e., conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, and attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder; Kaplan, Pelcovitz, & Labruna, 1999; Putnam). Sexually and physically abused children are at increased risk for suicidality, alcohol and drug abuse, risk-taking behaviors, socioemotional problems, and cognitive and academic difficulties (Kaplan et al.; Nagy, Adcock, & Nagy, 1994; Watts-English, Fortson, Gibler, Hooper, & De Bellis, 2006). Furthermore, CSA has been associated with childhood sexualized behavior problems and risky sexual behavior (Putnam; Senn, Carey, & Vanable, 2008) and CPA is specifically linked with aggression and delinquent behavior (Kaplan et al.).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDiagnostic Interviewing
Subtitle of host publicationFourth Edition
PublisherSpringer US
Pages443-466
Number of pages24
ISBN (Print)9781441913197
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010

Fingerprint

Child Abuse
Sexual Child Abuse
United States Dept. of Health and Human Services
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Advance Directives
Conduct Disorder
Sex Offenses
Disclosure
Mental Health Services
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Depressive Disorder
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Risk-Taking
Anxiety Disorders
Aggression
Sexual Behavior
Alcoholism
Substance-Related Disorders
Psychiatry
Physical Abuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Hubel, G. S., Flood, M. F., & Hansen, D. J. (2010). Sexually and physically abused children. In Diagnostic Interviewing: Fourth Edition (pp. 443-466). Springer US. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1320-3_19

Sexually and physically abused children. / Hubel, Grace S.; Flood, Mary Fran; Hansen, David J.

Diagnostic Interviewing: Fourth Edition. Springer US, 2010. p. 443-466.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Hubel, GS, Flood, MF & Hansen, DJ 2010, Sexually and physically abused children. in Diagnostic Interviewing: Fourth Edition. Springer US, pp. 443-466. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1320-3_19
Hubel GS, Flood MF, Hansen DJ. Sexually and physically abused children. In Diagnostic Interviewing: Fourth Edition. Springer US. 2010. p. 443-466 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1320-3_19
Hubel, Grace S. ; Flood, Mary Fran ; Hansen, David J. / Sexually and physically abused children. Diagnostic Interviewing: Fourth Edition. Springer US, 2010. pp. 443-466
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