Seroprevalence of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus among HIV-infected Uygurs in Xinjiang, China

Zhenqiu Liu, Qiwen Fang, Sujuan Zhou, Veenu Minhas, Charles Wood, Na He, Tiejun Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is the etiological agent of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), which primarily affects human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected adults with advanced immunodeficiency. Xinjiang province in China is an endemic area for Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), however, currently, only limited data for KSHV infection among HIV-infected individuals living in this endemic area is available. A cross-sectional study of 86 HIV positive participants was conducted in Xinjiang, China from 2014 through 2015. Plasma samples were collected and screened for KSHV and HIV infection. HIV pol gene and KSHV ORF-K1 gene were amplified and sequenced, genotypes were determined by phylogenetic analysis. Over all, prevalence was 48.9% (42/86; 95%CI 38.4-59.3%) for KSHV. Only CRF07_BC subtype has been identified among all these HIV positive individuals, while the subtype A and C of KSHV were detected in the participants. Meanwhile, we found that those with high CD4 counts (>500) showed a lower anti-KSHV titer, compared with other groups. Our study indicated a high prevalence of KSHV among HIV positive individuals in Xinjiang, China. Thus, management of HIV/AIDS patients should include KSHV screen and should consider the risk of KSHV-associated malignancies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1629-1635
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Medical Virology
Volume89
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2017

Fingerprint

Human Herpesvirus 8
Seroepidemiologic Studies
China
HIV
Kaposi's Sarcoma
pol Genes
Herpesviridae Infections
Virus Diseases
CD4 Lymphocyte Count
Open Reading Frames
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Cross-Sectional Studies
Genotype

Keywords

  • China
  • HIV
  • KSHV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Seroprevalence of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus among HIV-infected Uygurs in Xinjiang, China. / Liu, Zhenqiu; Fang, Qiwen; Zhou, Sujuan; Minhas, Veenu; Wood, Charles; He, Na; Zhang, Tiejun.

In: Journal of Medical Virology, Vol. 89, No. 9, 09.2017, p. 1629-1635.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liu, Zhenqiu ; Fang, Qiwen ; Zhou, Sujuan ; Minhas, Veenu ; Wood, Charles ; He, Na ; Zhang, Tiejun. / Seroprevalence of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus among HIV-infected Uygurs in Xinjiang, China. In: Journal of Medical Virology. 2017 ; Vol. 89, No. 9. pp. 1629-1635.
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abstract = "Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is the etiological agent of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), which primarily affects human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected adults with advanced immunodeficiency. Xinjiang province in China is an endemic area for Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), however, currently, only limited data for KSHV infection among HIV-infected individuals living in this endemic area is available. A cross-sectional study of 86 HIV positive participants was conducted in Xinjiang, China from 2014 through 2015. Plasma samples were collected and screened for KSHV and HIV infection. HIV pol gene and KSHV ORF-K1 gene were amplified and sequenced, genotypes were determined by phylogenetic analysis. Over all, prevalence was 48.9{\%} (42/86; 95{\%}CI 38.4-59.3{\%}) for KSHV. Only CRF07_BC subtype has been identified among all these HIV positive individuals, while the subtype A and C of KSHV were detected in the participants. Meanwhile, we found that those with high CD4 counts (>500) showed a lower anti-KSHV titer, compared with other groups. Our study indicated a high prevalence of KSHV among HIV positive individuals in Xinjiang, China. Thus, management of HIV/AIDS patients should include KSHV screen and should consider the risk of KSHV-associated malignancies.",
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