Separation of chiral phases in monolayer crystals of racemic amphiphiles

C. J. Eckhardt, N. M. Peachey, David R Swanson, James M Takacs, M. A. Khan, X. Gong, J. H. Kim, J. Wang, R. A. Uphaus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Optical activity manifested by chiral molecules and crystals is of long-standing interest in physics, chemistry, biology and geology1,2. The structure of chiral lattices in two and three dimensions may provide insights into chiral discrimination, and chiral phases play an important part in the physics and applications of liquid-crystal and amphiphilic films 3-7. Here we report the observation of spontaneous separation of chiral phases in an oriented monolayer of rigid, chiral amphiphiles deposited on mica. Atomic force microscopy of the ordered films reveals domains of mirror-image structures. We propose that this may be the signature of separation into domains of pure enantiomers, although other possibilities exist. This separation of chiral phases in two dimensions may be considered analogous to the spontaneous resolution of enantiomers in three-dimensional crystallization, as exploited by Pasteur in 1848 to isolate enantiomers of sodium tartrate 1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)614-616
Number of pages3
JournalNature
Volume362
Issue number6421
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

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enantiomers
crystals
physics
optical activity
mica
biology
discrimination
liquid crystals
signatures
sodium
atomic force microscopy
chemistry
crystallization
mirrors
molecules

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Eckhardt, C. J., Peachey, N. M., Swanson, D. R., Takacs, J. M., Khan, M. A., Gong, X., ... Uphaus, R. A. (1993). Separation of chiral phases in monolayer crystals of racemic amphiphiles. Nature, 362(6421), 614-616. https://doi.org/10.1038/362614a0

Separation of chiral phases in monolayer crystals of racemic amphiphiles. / Eckhardt, C. J.; Peachey, N. M.; Swanson, David R; Takacs, James M; Khan, M. A.; Gong, X.; Kim, J. H.; Wang, J.; Uphaus, R. A.

In: Nature, Vol. 362, No. 6421, 01.01.1993, p. 614-616.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Eckhardt, CJ, Peachey, NM, Swanson, DR, Takacs, JM, Khan, MA, Gong, X, Kim, JH, Wang, J & Uphaus, RA 1993, 'Separation of chiral phases in monolayer crystals of racemic amphiphiles', Nature, vol. 362, no. 6421, pp. 614-616. https://doi.org/10.1038/362614a0
Eckhardt, C. J. ; Peachey, N. M. ; Swanson, David R ; Takacs, James M ; Khan, M. A. ; Gong, X. ; Kim, J. H. ; Wang, J. ; Uphaus, R. A. / Separation of chiral phases in monolayer crystals of racemic amphiphiles. In: Nature. 1993 ; Vol. 362, No. 6421. pp. 614-616.
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