Self-assembly and properties of nonmetalated tetraphenyl-porphyrin on metal substrates

Geoffrey Rojas, Xumin Chen, Cameron Bravo, Ji Hyun Kim, Jae Sung Kim, Jie Xiao, Peter A. Dowben, Yi Gao, Xiao Cheng Zeng, Wonyoung Choe, Axel Enders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The structure-electronic structure relationship of nonmetalated meso-tetraphenyl porphyrin (2H-TPP) on the (111) surfaces of Ag, Cu, and Au was studied with a combination of scanning tunneling microscopy, photoelectron spectroscopy, and density functional theory. We observe that the molecules form a 2D network on Ag(111), driven by attractive intermolecular interactions, while the surface migration barriers are comparatively small and the charge transfer to the adsorbed molecules is minimal. This is in contrast to a significant charge transfer observed in 2H-TPP/Cu(111), resulting in repulsive forces between the molecules that prevent molecular adlayer network formation. It is shown that the limiting factor in formation of self-organized networks is the nature of the frontier orbital overlap and the adsorbate-interface electron transfer. Further, the electronic structure, most notably the HOMO-LUMO splitting, are found to be dependent on the substrate as well. The comparison of the results in this article with published work on similar porphyrins suggests that the molecule-substrate interaction strength is determined by the molecules metalation, and not so much by the ligands.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9408-9415
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume114
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - May 27 2010

Fingerprint

Porphyrins
porphyrins
Self assembly
self assembly
Metals
Molecules
Substrates
metals
molecules
Electronic structure
Charge transfer
charge transfer
electronic structure
Scanning tunneling microscopy
Adsorbates
Photoelectron spectroscopy
Density functional theory
scanning tunneling microscopy
electron transfer
Ligands

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Rojas, G., Chen, X., Bravo, C., Kim, J. H., Kim, J. S., Xiao, J., ... Enders, A. (2010). Self-assembly and properties of nonmetalated tetraphenyl-porphyrin on metal substrates. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 114(20), 9408-9415. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp1012957

Self-assembly and properties of nonmetalated tetraphenyl-porphyrin on metal substrates. / Rojas, Geoffrey; Chen, Xumin; Bravo, Cameron; Kim, Ji Hyun; Kim, Jae Sung; Xiao, Jie; Dowben, Peter A.; Gao, Yi; Zeng, Xiao Cheng; Choe, Wonyoung; Enders, Axel.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 114, No. 20, 27.05.2010, p. 9408-9415.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rojas, G, Chen, X, Bravo, C, Kim, JH, Kim, JS, Xiao, J, Dowben, PA, Gao, Y, Zeng, XC, Choe, W & Enders, A 2010, 'Self-assembly and properties of nonmetalated tetraphenyl-porphyrin on metal substrates', Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 114, no. 20, pp. 9408-9415. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp1012957
Rojas, Geoffrey ; Chen, Xumin ; Bravo, Cameron ; Kim, Ji Hyun ; Kim, Jae Sung ; Xiao, Jie ; Dowben, Peter A. ; Gao, Yi ; Zeng, Xiao Cheng ; Choe, Wonyoung ; Enders, Axel. / Self-assembly and properties of nonmetalated tetraphenyl-porphyrin on metal substrates. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2010 ; Vol. 114, No. 20. pp. 9408-9415.
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