Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and hospitalization in the rural United States. Midwestern farmers are integral to rural communities, but little is known about the effect of occupational variability of seasonal work and technology use on their cardiovascular disease risk. Aims: This study describes the relationships of health behaviors and cardiovascular disease risk in 40 Midwestern farmers during peak and off-peak farming seasons. Methods: Objectively measured physical activity and self-report of demographics, diet, and health-related quality of life were collected during each farming season. Results and Conclusions: Farmers in this study were physically active, ate consistent diets, and reported high health status ratings throughout the year. Cardiovascular disease risk was positively correlated with age and body mass index (P <.01), and half of young and middle-age farmers reported anxiety and depression problems. Cardiovascular disease risk reduction interventions for farmers should address both physical and emotional aspects of farming.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E35-E39
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018

Fingerprint

Cardiovascular Diseases
Agriculture
Diet
Health Behavior
Rural Population
Risk Reduction Behavior
Self Report
Health Status
Cause of Death
Hospitalization
Body Mass Index
Anxiety
Quality of Life
Demography
Farmers
Exercise
Depression
Technology

Keywords

  • cardiovascular risk
  • diet
  • farmer
  • physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Cite this

Seasonal Work and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Farmers. / Schulz, Paula Sue; Zimmerman, Lani M; Johansson, Patrik L.

In: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, Vol. 33, No. 4, 01.07.2018, p. E35-E39.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{bf518cd00a15422aa5ee20da59229b06,
title = "Seasonal Work and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Farmers",
abstract = "Background: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and hospitalization in the rural United States. Midwestern farmers are integral to rural communities, but little is known about the effect of occupational variability of seasonal work and technology use on their cardiovascular disease risk. Aims: This study describes the relationships of health behaviors and cardiovascular disease risk in 40 Midwestern farmers during peak and off-peak farming seasons. Methods: Objectively measured physical activity and self-report of demographics, diet, and health-related quality of life were collected during each farming season. Results and Conclusions: Farmers in this study were physically active, ate consistent diets, and reported high health status ratings throughout the year. Cardiovascular disease risk was positively correlated with age and body mass index (P <.01), and half of young and middle-age farmers reported anxiety and depression problems. Cardiovascular disease risk reduction interventions for farmers should address both physical and emotional aspects of farming.",
keywords = "cardiovascular risk, diet, farmer, physical activity",
author = "Schulz, {Paula Sue} and Zimmerman, {Lani M} and Johansson, {Patrik L}",
year = "2018",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/JCN.0000000000000490",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "33",
pages = "E35--E39",
journal = "Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing",
issn = "0889-4655",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Seasonal Work and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Farmers

AU - Schulz, Paula Sue

AU - Zimmerman, Lani M

AU - Johansson, Patrik L

PY - 2018/7/1

Y1 - 2018/7/1

N2 - Background: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and hospitalization in the rural United States. Midwestern farmers are integral to rural communities, but little is known about the effect of occupational variability of seasonal work and technology use on their cardiovascular disease risk. Aims: This study describes the relationships of health behaviors and cardiovascular disease risk in 40 Midwestern farmers during peak and off-peak farming seasons. Methods: Objectively measured physical activity and self-report of demographics, diet, and health-related quality of life were collected during each farming season. Results and Conclusions: Farmers in this study were physically active, ate consistent diets, and reported high health status ratings throughout the year. Cardiovascular disease risk was positively correlated with age and body mass index (P <.01), and half of young and middle-age farmers reported anxiety and depression problems. Cardiovascular disease risk reduction interventions for farmers should address both physical and emotional aspects of farming.

AB - Background: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and hospitalization in the rural United States. Midwestern farmers are integral to rural communities, but little is known about the effect of occupational variability of seasonal work and technology use on their cardiovascular disease risk. Aims: This study describes the relationships of health behaviors and cardiovascular disease risk in 40 Midwestern farmers during peak and off-peak farming seasons. Methods: Objectively measured physical activity and self-report of demographics, diet, and health-related quality of life were collected during each farming season. Results and Conclusions: Farmers in this study were physically active, ate consistent diets, and reported high health status ratings throughout the year. Cardiovascular disease risk was positively correlated with age and body mass index (P <.01), and half of young and middle-age farmers reported anxiety and depression problems. Cardiovascular disease risk reduction interventions for farmers should address both physical and emotional aspects of farming.

KW - cardiovascular risk

KW - diet

KW - farmer

KW - physical activity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85049187488&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85049187488&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/JCN.0000000000000490

DO - 10.1097/JCN.0000000000000490

M3 - Article

VL - 33

SP - E35-E39

JO - Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing

JF - Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing

SN - 0889-4655

IS - 4

ER -