School Transitions and Adjustment During Early Adolescence

Lisa J. Crockett, Anne C. Petersen, Julia A. Graber, John E. Schulenberg, Aaron Ebata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

93 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this investigation was to determine the impact of the timing and number of school transitions on young adolescents’ subsequent adjustment. Three groups of adolescents (total N = 253) were compared: Those making a single early school transition prior to sixth grade, those making a single later transition prior to seventh grade, and those making a double transition prior to both sixth and seventh grades. Adjustment was assessed in terms of course grades and self-image. Negative effects were found for both early and repeated school transitions, with the double transition being especially debilitating. In addition, effects were seen primarily with course grades. Few gender differences were observed in the response to early and double transitions, but those that emerged suggest that girls may be more adversely affected than boys.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-210
Number of pages30
JournalThe Journal of Early Adolescence
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1989

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school transition
adolescence
school grade
adolescent
self-image
gender-specific factors
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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

Cite this

School Transitions and Adjustment During Early Adolescence. / Crockett, Lisa J.; Petersen, Anne C.; Graber, Julia A.; Schulenberg, John E.; Ebata, Aaron.

In: The Journal of Early Adolescence, Vol. 9, No. 3, 08.1989, p. 181-210.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Crockett, LJ, Petersen, AC, Graber, JA, Schulenberg, JE & Ebata, A 1989, 'School Transitions and Adjustment During Early Adolescence', The Journal of Early Adolescence, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 181-210. https://doi.org/10.1177/0272431689093002
Crockett, Lisa J. ; Petersen, Anne C. ; Graber, Julia A. ; Schulenberg, John E. ; Ebata, Aaron. / School Transitions and Adjustment During Early Adolescence. In: The Journal of Early Adolescence. 1989 ; Vol. 9, No. 3. pp. 181-210.
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