Scale and strain rate effects on the mechanical behavior of electrospun PAN nanofibers

Mohammad Naraghi, I. Chasiotis, Y. Wen, Y. Dzenis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The mechanical behavior of electrospun PAN nanofibers was measured in tension by a MEMS-based mechanical testing platform. The effect of strain rate on the fiber mechanical response was investigated at three strain rates (10 -2, 10 -3, 10 -4 s -1). For most samples, the engineering stress-strain curves were elastic-nearly perfectly plastic. The engineering strength and ultimate strain were in the range of 40-130 MPa and 60-120%. As the original fiber diameter decreased, the maximum (saturation) stress increased at all strain rates. The ultimate strain was rather insensitive to the initial fiber diameter, but it increased as the loading rate was reduced which may be explained by the enhanced contribution of creep at lower rates. However, the engineering strength did not vary monotonically with the strain rate. This behavior was attributed to a cascade of localized deformations and multiple necking at faster rates and enhanced macromolecular alignment and uniform drawing at the slowest strain rate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the SEM Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics 2007
Pages812-816
Number of pages5
StatePublished - Nov 19 2007
EventSEM Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics 2007 - Springfield, MA, United States
Duration: Jun 3 2007Jun 6 2007

Publication series

NameProceedings of the SEM Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics 2007
Volume2

Conference

ConferenceSEM Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics 2007
CountryUnited States
CitySpringfield, MA
Period6/3/076/6/07

Fingerprint

Nanofibers
Strain rate
Fibers
Drawing (graphics)
Mechanical testing
Stress-strain curves
MEMS
Creep
Plastics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Naraghi, M., Chasiotis, I., Wen, Y., & Dzenis, Y. (2007). Scale and strain rate effects on the mechanical behavior of electrospun PAN nanofibers. In Proceedings of the SEM Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics 2007 (pp. 812-816). (Proceedings of the SEM Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics 2007; Vol. 2).

Scale and strain rate effects on the mechanical behavior of electrospun PAN nanofibers. / Naraghi, Mohammad; Chasiotis, I.; Wen, Y.; Dzenis, Y.

Proceedings of the SEM Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics 2007. 2007. p. 812-816 (Proceedings of the SEM Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics 2007; Vol. 2).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Naraghi, M, Chasiotis, I, Wen, Y & Dzenis, Y 2007, Scale and strain rate effects on the mechanical behavior of electrospun PAN nanofibers. in Proceedings of the SEM Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics 2007. Proceedings of the SEM Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics 2007, vol. 2, pp. 812-816, SEM Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics 2007, Springfield, MA, United States, 6/3/07.
Naraghi M, Chasiotis I, Wen Y, Dzenis Y. Scale and strain rate effects on the mechanical behavior of electrospun PAN nanofibers. In Proceedings of the SEM Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics 2007. 2007. p. 812-816. (Proceedings of the SEM Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics 2007).
Naraghi, Mohammad ; Chasiotis, I. ; Wen, Y. ; Dzenis, Y. / Scale and strain rate effects on the mechanical behavior of electrospun PAN nanofibers. Proceedings of the SEM Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics 2007. 2007. pp. 812-816 (Proceedings of the SEM Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics 2007).
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