Sarilumab monotherapy compared with adalimumab monotherapy for the treatment of moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis

An analysis of incremental cost per effectively treated patient

Marie Fournier, Chieh I. Chen, Andreas Kuznik, Clare Proudfoot, Usha G. Mallya, Kaleb D Michaud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: Treatment outcomes and direct medical costs were examined, from a US health payer perspective, of monotherapy with sarilumab 200 mg subcutaneous (SC) every 2 weeks (Q2W) vs adalimumab 40 mg SC Q2W/QW in adult patients with moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis who are intolerant of, inadequate responders to, or considered inappropriate candidates for continued methotrexate treatment. Patients and methods: Short-term analysis was based on 24-week wholesale acquisition costs of drugs and treatment response observed in the MONARCH Phase III trial (NCT02332590) per American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 20/50 criteria and European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Moderate/Good Disease Activity Score 28-joint count erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Long-term analysis, which also considered drug administration and routine care costs, was conducted via a 6-month decision tree and a 1- to 10-year Markov model with microsimulation of patient profiles from the MOBILITY Phase III trial (NCT01061736). Utilities and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) were estimated by mapping 6-month ACR levels to a relative change in Health Assessment Questionnaire - Disability Index score and via published algorithms. Results: For sarilumab and adalimumab, respectively, 24-week drug costs were $18,954 and $29,232, and costs per responder were $26,435 vs $50,055 on ACR20; $41,475 vs $98,425 on ACR50; and $22,511 vs $41,230 on EULAR Moderate/Good. Base case results at 10 years for total costs and QALYs were $176,977 and 2.75 for sarilumab and $212,136 and 2.61 for adalimumab, respectively. Sarilumab was consistently the more effective and cost-saving treatment across all short-term and long-term incremental analyses. Conclusion: Sarilumab monotherapy was the economically dominant treatment on incremental cost per responder and incremental cost per QALY compared with adalimumab monotherapy. These results were maintained within the sensitivity analyses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-128
Number of pages12
JournalClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Rheumatoid Arthritis
Costs and Cost Analysis
Quality-Adjusted Life Years
Drug Costs
Health Care Costs
Therapeutics
Decision Trees
Blood Sedimentation
Health
Rheumatology
Rheumatic Diseases
Methotrexate
Adalimumab
sarilumab
Arthritis
Incremental cost
Costs
Joints
Drugs
Quality-adjusted life years

Keywords

  • Cost per responser
  • Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug
  • IL-6 inhibitor
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Treatment costs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
  • Health Policy

Cite this

Sarilumab monotherapy compared with adalimumab monotherapy for the treatment of moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis : An analysis of incremental cost per effectively treated patient. / Fournier, Marie; Chen, Chieh I.; Kuznik, Andreas; Proudfoot, Clare; Mallya, Usha G.; Michaud, Kaleb D.

In: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research, Vol. 11, 01.01.2019, p. 117-128.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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