Safety considerations for small unmanned aerial systems with distributed users

Brittany A. Duncan, Robin R. Murphy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper identifies three categories of safety risks posed by allowing multiple users to engage with small Unmanned Aerial Systems (sUAS) and offers five recommendations on how to reduce or mitigate these vulnerabilities. Data from sUAS can benefit multiple experts at a disaster who may not be familiar with robots or colocated with the pilot. Two different styles of interfaces have been developed and tested with responders conducting exercises to facilitate team coordination with a quadrotor at Texas A&M Engineering Extension Service's Disaster City® over a four year period. The two interfaces illustrate three distinct categories of safety concerns: unsafe control regimes, loss of situation awareness, and increased stress. Five recommendations are proposed to mitigate or eliminate the safety concerns: separate the payload camera from the platform, giving the pilot a dedicated "pilot-cam" and the experts a fully gimbaled payload; use artificial intelligence to resolve conflicts between competing directives from multiple experts; allow the pilot, or a software agent, to turn off the expert's ability to control or communication; use multi-modal warnings rather than rely on visual cues; and add guarded motion to prevent collisions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication12th IEEE International Symposium on Safety, Security and Rescue Robotics, SSRR 2014 - Symposium Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781479941995
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 21 2014
Event12th IEEE International Symposium on Safety, Security and Rescue Robotics, SSRR 2014 - Hokkaido, Japan
Duration: Oct 27 2014Oct 30 2014

Publication series

Name12th IEEE International Symposium on Safety, Security and Rescue Robotics, SSRR 2014 - Symposium Proceedings

Other

Other12th IEEE International Symposium on Safety, Security and Rescue Robotics, SSRR 2014
CountryJapan
CityHokkaido
Period10/27/1410/30/14

Fingerprint

Antennas
Disasters
Software agents
Cams
Artificial intelligence
Cameras
Robots
Communication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Cite this

Duncan, B. A., & Murphy, R. R. (2014). Safety considerations for small unmanned aerial systems with distributed users. In 12th IEEE International Symposium on Safety, Security and Rescue Robotics, SSRR 2014 - Symposium Proceedings [7017648] (12th IEEE International Symposium on Safety, Security and Rescue Robotics, SSRR 2014 - Symposium Proceedings). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/SSRR.2014.7017648

Safety considerations for small unmanned aerial systems with distributed users. / Duncan, Brittany A.; Murphy, Robin R.

12th IEEE International Symposium on Safety, Security and Rescue Robotics, SSRR 2014 - Symposium Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2014. 7017648 (12th IEEE International Symposium on Safety, Security and Rescue Robotics, SSRR 2014 - Symposium Proceedings).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Duncan, BA & Murphy, RR 2014, Safety considerations for small unmanned aerial systems with distributed users. in 12th IEEE International Symposium on Safety, Security and Rescue Robotics, SSRR 2014 - Symposium Proceedings., 7017648, 12th IEEE International Symposium on Safety, Security and Rescue Robotics, SSRR 2014 - Symposium Proceedings, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 12th IEEE International Symposium on Safety, Security and Rescue Robotics, SSRR 2014, Hokkaido, Japan, 10/27/14. https://doi.org/10.1109/SSRR.2014.7017648
Duncan BA, Murphy RR. Safety considerations for small unmanned aerial systems with distributed users. In 12th IEEE International Symposium on Safety, Security and Rescue Robotics, SSRR 2014 - Symposium Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2014. 7017648. (12th IEEE International Symposium on Safety, Security and Rescue Robotics, SSRR 2014 - Symposium Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1109/SSRR.2014.7017648
Duncan, Brittany A. ; Murphy, Robin R. / Safety considerations for small unmanned aerial systems with distributed users. 12th IEEE International Symposium on Safety, Security and Rescue Robotics, SSRR 2014 - Symposium Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2014. (12th IEEE International Symposium on Safety, Security and Rescue Robotics, SSRR 2014 - Symposium Proceedings).
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