Role of the LytSR two-component regulatory system in adaptation to cationic antimicrobial peptides in staphylococcus aureus

Soo Jin Yang, Yan Q. Xiong, Michael R. Yeaman, Kenneth W. Bayles, Wessam Abdelhady, Arnold S. Bayer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many host defense cationic antimicrobial peptides (HDPs) perturb the staphylococcal cell membrane (CM) and alter transmembrane potential as key parts of their lethal mechanism. Thus, a sense-response system for detecting and mediating adaptive responses to such stresses could impact organism survival; the Staphylococcus aureus LytSR two-component regulatory system (TCRS) may serve as such asensor. One well-known target of this system is the lrgAB operon, which, along with the related cidABC operon, has been shown to be a regulator in the control of programmed cell death and lysis. We used an isogenic set of S. aureus strains: (i) UAMS-1, (ii) its isogenic lytS and lrgAB mutants, and (iii) plasmid-complemented lytSR and lrgAB mutants. The lytS strain displayed significantly increased in vitro susceptibilities to all HDPs tested (neutrophil-derived human neutrophil peptide 1 [hNP-1], platelet-derived thrombin-induced platelet microbicidal proteins [tPMPs], and the tPMP-mimetic peptide RP-1), as well as to calcium-daptomycin (DAP), a cationic antimicrobial peptide (CAP). In contrast, the lrgAB strain exhibited no significant changes in susceptibilities to these cationic peptides, indicating that although lytSR positively regulates transcription of lrgAB, increased HDP/CAP susceptibilities in the lytS mutant were lrgAB independent. Further, parental UAMS-1 (but not the lytS mutant) became more resistant to hNP-1 and DAP following pretreatment with carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP) (a CM-depolarizing agent). Of note, lytSR-dependent survival against CAP/HDP killing was not associated with changes in either surface positive charge, expression of mprF and dlt, or CMfluidity. The lytS strain (but not the lrgAB mutant) displayed a significant reduction in target tissue survival in an endocarditis model during DAP treatment. Collectively, these results suggest that the lytSR TCRS plays an important role in adaptive responses of S. aureus to CMperturbing HDPs/CAPs, likely by functioning as a sense-response system for detecting subtle changes in.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3875-3882
Number of pages8
JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume57
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2013

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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