Role of helmet in the mechanics of shock wave propagation under blast loading conditions

S. Ganpule, L. Gu, A. Alai, N. Chandra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations


The effectiveness of helmets in extenuating the primary shock waves generated by the explosions of improvised explosive devices is not clearly understood. In this work, the role of helmet on the overpressurisation and impulse experienced by the head were examined. The shock wave-head interactions were studied under three different cases: (i) unprotected head, (ii) head with helmet but with varying head-helmet gaps and (iii) head covered with helmet and tightly fitting foam pads. The intensification effect was discussed by examining the shock wave flow pattern and verified with experiments. A helmet with a better protection against shock wave is suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1233-1244
Number of pages12
JournalComputer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2012



  • FSI
  • TBI
  • blast
  • head
  • helmet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Science Applications

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