Role of binding capacity versus binding strength in the separation of chiral compounds on protein-based high-performance liquid chromatography columns: Interactions of D- and L-tryptophan with human serum albumin

Ju Yang, David S. Hage

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87 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Frontal analysis was used to examine changes in the association constant (Ka) and moles of binding sites (mL) for D-and L-tryptophan on an immobilized HSA column under various elution conditions. Both enantiomers had single-site interactions under all conditions tested. At pH 7.0 and 25°C, the strength of L-tryptophan/HSA binding was determined mostly by the change in enthalpy of the system, while D-tryptophan/HSA binding was dominated by the change in entropy. The interactions of L-tryptophan with HSA showed a large change when varying the temperature, pH, ionic strength or 1-propanol content of the mobile phase. In each case, changes in Ka accounted for most of the shifts in retention that were seen for L-tryptophan during zonal elution studies. However, mL for this compound was also affected when varying the pH and 1-propanol levels. Changes in Ka were responsible for most of the shifts in D-tryptophan retention that were seen when adjusting the mobile phase pH or ionic strength. In addition, the value of mL for D-tryptophan was affected by pH, temperature and 1-propanol levels. It was concluded that varying such chromatographic conditions can alter either the binding strength or number of binding sites for solutes injected onto immobilized protein columns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-285
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Volume725
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 23 1996

Fingerprint

High performance liquid chromatography
Serum Albumin
Tryptophan
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
1-Propanol
Proteins
Ionic strength
Osmolar Concentration
Binding Sites
Immobilized Proteins
Temperature
Enantiomers
Entropy
Enthalpy
Association reactions

Keywords

  • Albumin
  • Association constants
  • Binding capacity
  • Binding strength
  • Enantiomer separation
  • Frontal analysis
  • Mobile-phase composition
  • Thermodynamic parameters
  • Tryptophan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Role of binding capacity versus binding strength in the separation of chiral compounds on protein-based high-performance liquid chromatography columns: Interactions of D- and L-tryptophan with human serum albumin",
abstract = "Frontal analysis was used to examine changes in the association constant (Ka) and moles of binding sites (mL) for D-and L-tryptophan on an immobilized HSA column under various elution conditions. Both enantiomers had single-site interactions under all conditions tested. At pH 7.0 and 25°C, the strength of L-tryptophan/HSA binding was determined mostly by the change in enthalpy of the system, while D-tryptophan/HSA binding was dominated by the change in entropy. The interactions of L-tryptophan with HSA showed a large change when varying the temperature, pH, ionic strength or 1-propanol content of the mobile phase. In each case, changes in Ka accounted for most of the shifts in retention that were seen for L-tryptophan during zonal elution studies. However, mL for this compound was also affected when varying the pH and 1-propanol levels. Changes in Ka were responsible for most of the shifts in D-tryptophan retention that were seen when adjusting the mobile phase pH or ionic strength. In addition, the value of mL for D-tryptophan was affected by pH, temperature and 1-propanol levels. It was concluded that varying such chromatographic conditions can alter either the binding strength or number of binding sites for solutes injected onto immobilized protein columns.",
keywords = "Albumin, Association constants, Binding capacity, Binding strength, Enantiomer separation, Frontal analysis, Mobile-phase composition, Thermodynamic parameters, Tryptophan",
author = "Ju Yang and Hage, {David S.}",
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T1 - Role of binding capacity versus binding strength in the separation of chiral compounds on protein-based high-performance liquid chromatography columns

T2 - Interactions of D- and L-tryptophan with human serum albumin

AU - Yang, Ju

AU - Hage, David S.

PY - 1996/2/23

Y1 - 1996/2/23

N2 - Frontal analysis was used to examine changes in the association constant (Ka) and moles of binding sites (mL) for D-and L-tryptophan on an immobilized HSA column under various elution conditions. Both enantiomers had single-site interactions under all conditions tested. At pH 7.0 and 25°C, the strength of L-tryptophan/HSA binding was determined mostly by the change in enthalpy of the system, while D-tryptophan/HSA binding was dominated by the change in entropy. The interactions of L-tryptophan with HSA showed a large change when varying the temperature, pH, ionic strength or 1-propanol content of the mobile phase. In each case, changes in Ka accounted for most of the shifts in retention that were seen for L-tryptophan during zonal elution studies. However, mL for this compound was also affected when varying the pH and 1-propanol levels. Changes in Ka were responsible for most of the shifts in D-tryptophan retention that were seen when adjusting the mobile phase pH or ionic strength. In addition, the value of mL for D-tryptophan was affected by pH, temperature and 1-propanol levels. It was concluded that varying such chromatographic conditions can alter either the binding strength or number of binding sites for solutes injected onto immobilized protein columns.

AB - Frontal analysis was used to examine changes in the association constant (Ka) and moles of binding sites (mL) for D-and L-tryptophan on an immobilized HSA column under various elution conditions. Both enantiomers had single-site interactions under all conditions tested. At pH 7.0 and 25°C, the strength of L-tryptophan/HSA binding was determined mostly by the change in enthalpy of the system, while D-tryptophan/HSA binding was dominated by the change in entropy. The interactions of L-tryptophan with HSA showed a large change when varying the temperature, pH, ionic strength or 1-propanol content of the mobile phase. In each case, changes in Ka accounted for most of the shifts in retention that were seen for L-tryptophan during zonal elution studies. However, mL for this compound was also affected when varying the pH and 1-propanol levels. Changes in Ka were responsible for most of the shifts in D-tryptophan retention that were seen when adjusting the mobile phase pH or ionic strength. In addition, the value of mL for D-tryptophan was affected by pH, temperature and 1-propanol levels. It was concluded that varying such chromatographic conditions can alter either the binding strength or number of binding sites for solutes injected onto immobilized protein columns.

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