RNAi screening reveals requirement for host cell secretory pathway in infection by diverse families of negative-strand RNA viruses

Debasis Panda, Anshuman Das, Phat X. Dinh, Sakthivel Subramaniam, Debasis Nayak, Nicholas J. Barrows, James L. Pearson, Jesse Thompson, David L. Kelly, Istvan Ladunga, Asit K. Pattnaik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Scopus citations


Negative-strand (NS) RNA viruses comprise many pathogens that cause serious diseases in humans and animals. Despite their clinical importance, little is known about the host factors required for their infection. Using vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), a prototypic NS RNA virus in the family Rhabdoviridae, we conducted a human genomewide siRNA screen and identified 72 host genes required for viral infection. Many of these identified genes were also required for infection by two other NS RNA viruses, the lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus of the Arenaviridae family and human parainfluenza virus type 3 of the Paramyxoviridae family. Genes affecting different stages of VSV infection, such as entry/uncoating, gene expression, and assembly/release,were identified.Depletion of the proteins of the coatomer complex I or its upstream effectors ARF1 or GBF1 led to detection of reduced levels of VSV RNA. Coatomer complex I was also required for infection of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus and human parainfluenza virus type 3. These results highlight the evolutionarily conserved requirements for gene expression of diverse families of NS RNA viruses and demonstrate the involvement of host cell secretory pathway in the process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19036-19041
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number47
StatePublished - Nov 22 2011



  • Host cell factors for virus infection
  • RNA interference
  • Transcription and replication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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