Golf is male dominated and consists of rituals and ritualized behaviors that both reflect and help create hegemonic masculinity. Using in-depth interviews with amateur committed women golfers, we explored how women negotiated masculinized rituals in golf. Our data indicated three ways: (a) accommodating (i.e., acknowledging masculine rituals and working around them), (b) unapologetic (i.e., challenging masculine rituals that threaten entitlement to golf and attempting to create women inclusive alternatives), and (c) remaining unaware (i.e., focusing on golf as a sport and ignoring or denying masculine dimensions of golf rituals). Many of the women golfers studied experienced communitas (i.e., a heightened sense of community), but not at the same level of engagement as most male golfers.
- Leisure entitlement
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
- Sociology and Political Science
- Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management