Risk and protective factors for substance use among youth experiencing homelessness

Kimberly A. Tyler, Colleen M. Ray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Though research finds that youth experiencing homelessness (YEH) have high rates of substance use, which can lead to numerous long-term negative health effects, less is known about both risk and protective factors for substance use. Moreover, even less is known about whether these factors differ for lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) youth compared to non-LGB youth. In the current study, we compared risk and protective factors for binge drinking, marijuana use, and illicit drug use (i.e. substance use) among heterosexual and sexual minority YEH. Methods: The sample included 322 young people experiencing homelessness in the Midwestern United States and who were between 16 and 26 years of age. Almost one-half of our sample were female (N = 146; 45%) and 68 youth (21%) identified as LGB. Results: Youth who experienced more child physical abuse, ran away from home more frequently, and those who had a parent(s) with drug problems were more likely to have reported binge drinking in the past 30 days. Additionally, having parents with drug problems was associated with the use of marijuana and illicit drugs. Conversely, having higher parental monitoring while growing up reduced the likelihood of using marijuana and illicit drugs. Tests for interactions revealed that while self-efficacy had no relationship with the probability of binge drinking for heterosexual youth, as self-efficacy increased, the probability of binge drinking declined drastically for sexual minority youth suggesting this protective mechanism operates differently for these two groups of youth. Additionally, tests of interactions showed that the probability of binge drinking among heterosexual and sexual minority youth also varied by child sexual abuse and street sexual victimization. Conclusion: Study results have implications for service providers who serve YEH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104548
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
Volume107
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2019

Fingerprint

Homeless Persons
homelessness
Binge Drinking
Heterosexuality
Street Drugs
Cannabis
drug problem
minority
Self Efficacy
self-efficacy
parents
Sexual Minorities
Protective Factors
Midwestern United States
drug
Sexual Child Abuse
Crime Victims
Child Abuse
interaction
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • Child abuse
  • Homelessness
  • Parenting
  • Sexual minority
  • Street victimization
  • Substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Risk and protective factors for substance use among youth experiencing homelessness. / Tyler, Kimberly A.; Ray, Colleen M.

In: Children and Youth Services Review, Vol. 107, 104548, 12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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