Review: Electric field driven pumping in microfluidic device

Mohammad R. Hossan, Diganta Dutta, Nazmul Islam, Prashanta Dutta

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pumping of fluids with precise control is one of the key components in a microfluidic device. The electric field has been used as one of the most popular and efficient nonmechanical pumping mechanism to transport fluids in microchannels from the very early stage of microfluidic technology development. This review presents fundamental physics and theories of the different microscale phenomena that arise due to the application of an electric field in fluids, which can be applied for pumping of fluids in microdevices. Specific mechanisms considered in this report are electroosmosis, AC electroosmosis, AC electrothermal, induced charge electroosmosis, traveling wave dielectrophoresis, and liquid dielectrophoresis. Each phenomenon is discussed systematically with theoretical rigor and role of relevant key parameters are identified for pumping in microdevices. We specifically discussed the electric field driven body force term for each phenomenon using generalized Maxwell stress tensor as well as simplified effective dipole moment based method. Both experimental and theoretical works by several researchers are highlighted in this article for each electric field driven pumping mechanism. The detailed understanding of these phenomena and relevant key parameters are critical for better utilization, modulation, and selection of appropriate phenomenon for efficient pumping in a specific microfluidic application.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)702-731
Number of pages30
JournalELECTROPHORESIS
Volume39
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2018

Fingerprint

Lab-On-A-Chip Devices
Electroosmosis
Microfluidics
Electric fields
Fluids
Electrophoresis
Physics
Dipole moment
Microchannels
Research Personnel
Tensors
Modulation
Liquids

Keywords

  • Dielectrophoresis
  • Electroosmosis
  • Electrothermal
  • Lab-on-a-chip
  • Micropump

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry

Cite this

Review : Electric field driven pumping in microfluidic device. / Hossan, Mohammad R.; Dutta, Diganta; Islam, Nazmul; Dutta, Prashanta.

In: ELECTROPHORESIS, Vol. 39, No. 5-6, 03.2018, p. 702-731.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Hossan, Mohammad R. ; Dutta, Diganta ; Islam, Nazmul ; Dutta, Prashanta. / Review : Electric field driven pumping in microfluidic device. In: ELECTROPHORESIS. 2018 ; Vol. 39, No. 5-6. pp. 702-731.
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