Reunion behavior after social separation is associated with enhanced HPA recovery in young marmoset monkeys

Jack H. Taylor, Aaryn C. Mustoe, Benjamin Hochfelder, Jeffrey A French

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relationships that offspring develop with caregivers can exert a powerful influence on behavior and physiology, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. In many mammalian species, offspring-caregiver relationships are largely limited to interactions with mother. Marmoset monkeys receive care in early life from multiple classes of caregivers in addition to the mother, including fathers and siblings. We evaluated whether affiliative social interactions with family members in marmosets were associated with differences in cortisol reactivity to a short-term social separation stressor, and whether these variations in affiliative interactions upon reunion predicted how well marmosets subsequently regulated HPA axis function after cessation of the stressor. Marmosets were separated from the family for 8. h at three developmental time points (6-, 12-, and 18-months of age), and interactions of the separated marmoset with the family group were recorded during reunion. Urinary cortisol was measured prior to social separation, every 2. h during the separation, and on the morning after separation. Heightened cortisol reactivity during social separation did not predict affiliative social behavior upon reunion but higher rates of grooming and play behavior predicted enhanced HPA regulation. Marmosets with higher rates of grooming and play with family members upon reunion had post-stress cortisol levels closer to preseparation baseline than marmosets with lower rates of affiliative reunion behavior. Combined with previous research showing the early programming effects of social interactions with caregivers, as well as the buffering effect of a close social partner during stress, the current study highlights the high degree of behavioral and HPA adaptability to social stressors across development in marmoset monkeys.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-101
Number of pages9
JournalPsychoneuroendocrinology
Volume57
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

Fingerprint

Reunion
Callithrix
Haplorhini
Caregivers
Hydrocortisone
Grooming
Interpersonal Relations
Mothers
Social Behavior
Fathers
Siblings

Keywords

  • Family
  • Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal
  • Primate
  • Regulation
  • Social behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

Cite this

Reunion behavior after social separation is associated with enhanced HPA recovery in young marmoset monkeys. / Taylor, Jack H.; Mustoe, Aaryn C.; Hochfelder, Benjamin; French, Jeffrey A.

In: Psychoneuroendocrinology, Vol. 57, 01.07.2015, p. 93-101.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2dded50c16cd457e910a718d4466c1a5,
title = "Reunion behavior after social separation is associated with enhanced HPA recovery in young marmoset monkeys",
abstract = "The relationships that offspring develop with caregivers can exert a powerful influence on behavior and physiology, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. In many mammalian species, offspring-caregiver relationships are largely limited to interactions with mother. Marmoset monkeys receive care in early life from multiple classes of caregivers in addition to the mother, including fathers and siblings. We evaluated whether affiliative social interactions with family members in marmosets were associated with differences in cortisol reactivity to a short-term social separation stressor, and whether these variations in affiliative interactions upon reunion predicted how well marmosets subsequently regulated HPA axis function after cessation of the stressor. Marmosets were separated from the family for 8. h at three developmental time points (6-, 12-, and 18-months of age), and interactions of the separated marmoset with the family group were recorded during reunion. Urinary cortisol was measured prior to social separation, every 2. h during the separation, and on the morning after separation. Heightened cortisol reactivity during social separation did not predict affiliative social behavior upon reunion but higher rates of grooming and play behavior predicted enhanced HPA regulation. Marmosets with higher rates of grooming and play with family members upon reunion had post-stress cortisol levels closer to preseparation baseline than marmosets with lower rates of affiliative reunion behavior. Combined with previous research showing the early programming effects of social interactions with caregivers, as well as the buffering effect of a close social partner during stress, the current study highlights the high degree of behavioral and HPA adaptability to social stressors across development in marmoset monkeys.",
keywords = "Family, Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal, Primate, Regulation, Social behavior",
author = "Taylor, {Jack H.} and Mustoe, {Aaryn C.} and Benjamin Hochfelder and French, {Jeffrey A}",
year = "2015",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.psyneuen.2015.03.019",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "57",
pages = "93--101",
journal = "Psychoneuroendocrinology",
issn = "0306-4530",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reunion behavior after social separation is associated with enhanced HPA recovery in young marmoset monkeys

AU - Taylor, Jack H.

AU - Mustoe, Aaryn C.

AU - Hochfelder, Benjamin

AU - French, Jeffrey A

PY - 2015/7/1

Y1 - 2015/7/1

N2 - The relationships that offspring develop with caregivers can exert a powerful influence on behavior and physiology, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. In many mammalian species, offspring-caregiver relationships are largely limited to interactions with mother. Marmoset monkeys receive care in early life from multiple classes of caregivers in addition to the mother, including fathers and siblings. We evaluated whether affiliative social interactions with family members in marmosets were associated with differences in cortisol reactivity to a short-term social separation stressor, and whether these variations in affiliative interactions upon reunion predicted how well marmosets subsequently regulated HPA axis function after cessation of the stressor. Marmosets were separated from the family for 8. h at three developmental time points (6-, 12-, and 18-months of age), and interactions of the separated marmoset with the family group were recorded during reunion. Urinary cortisol was measured prior to social separation, every 2. h during the separation, and on the morning after separation. Heightened cortisol reactivity during social separation did not predict affiliative social behavior upon reunion but higher rates of grooming and play behavior predicted enhanced HPA regulation. Marmosets with higher rates of grooming and play with family members upon reunion had post-stress cortisol levels closer to preseparation baseline than marmosets with lower rates of affiliative reunion behavior. Combined with previous research showing the early programming effects of social interactions with caregivers, as well as the buffering effect of a close social partner during stress, the current study highlights the high degree of behavioral and HPA adaptability to social stressors across development in marmoset monkeys.

AB - The relationships that offspring develop with caregivers can exert a powerful influence on behavior and physiology, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. In many mammalian species, offspring-caregiver relationships are largely limited to interactions with mother. Marmoset monkeys receive care in early life from multiple classes of caregivers in addition to the mother, including fathers and siblings. We evaluated whether affiliative social interactions with family members in marmosets were associated with differences in cortisol reactivity to a short-term social separation stressor, and whether these variations in affiliative interactions upon reunion predicted how well marmosets subsequently regulated HPA axis function after cessation of the stressor. Marmosets were separated from the family for 8. h at three developmental time points (6-, 12-, and 18-months of age), and interactions of the separated marmoset with the family group were recorded during reunion. Urinary cortisol was measured prior to social separation, every 2. h during the separation, and on the morning after separation. Heightened cortisol reactivity during social separation did not predict affiliative social behavior upon reunion but higher rates of grooming and play behavior predicted enhanced HPA regulation. Marmosets with higher rates of grooming and play with family members upon reunion had post-stress cortisol levels closer to preseparation baseline than marmosets with lower rates of affiliative reunion behavior. Combined with previous research showing the early programming effects of social interactions with caregivers, as well as the buffering effect of a close social partner during stress, the current study highlights the high degree of behavioral and HPA adaptability to social stressors across development in marmoset monkeys.

KW - Family

KW - Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal

KW - Primate

KW - Regulation

KW - Social behavior

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84929324643&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84929324643&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2015.03.019

DO - 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2015.03.019

M3 - Article

VL - 57

SP - 93

EP - 101

JO - Psychoneuroendocrinology

JF - Psychoneuroendocrinology

SN - 0306-4530

ER -