Response reversal and children with psychopathic tendencies

Success is a function of salience of contingency change

S. Budhani, Robert James Blair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

96 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Previous work has inconsistently reported difficulties with response reversal/extinction in children with psychopathic tendencies. Method: We tested the hypothesis that the degree of impairment seen in children with psychopathic tendencies is a function of the salience of contingency change. We investigated the performance of children with psychopathic tendencies on a novel probabilistic response reversal task involving four conditions with gradated reward-punishment contingencies (100-0, 90-10, 80-20 and 70-30; i.e., for the 100-0 contingency, responding to one object is always rewarded while responding to the other is always punished). Results: In line with predictions, the impairment seen in the children with psychopathic tendencies was an inverse function of the salience of the contingency change. Conclusions: We suggest that this data is consistent with suggestions of subtle orbital frontal cortex impairment in children with psychopathic tendencies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)972-981
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines
Volume46
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2005

Fingerprint

Punishment
Frontal Lobe
Prefrontal Cortex
Reward
Psychological Extinction

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • Aggression
  • Antisocial behavior
  • Orbitofrontal cortex
  • Psychopathy
  • Response reversal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

@article{938cc84f93f34c81b0e0706700b8d8dd,
title = "Response reversal and children with psychopathic tendencies: Success is a function of salience of contingency change",
abstract = "Background: Previous work has inconsistently reported difficulties with response reversal/extinction in children with psychopathic tendencies. Method: We tested the hypothesis that the degree of impairment seen in children with psychopathic tendencies is a function of the salience of contingency change. We investigated the performance of children with psychopathic tendencies on a novel probabilistic response reversal task involving four conditions with gradated reward-punishment contingencies (100-0, 90-10, 80-20 and 70-30; i.e., for the 100-0 contingency, responding to one object is always rewarded while responding to the other is always punished). Results: In line with predictions, the impairment seen in the children with psychopathic tendencies was an inverse function of the salience of the contingency change. Conclusions: We suggest that this data is consistent with suggestions of subtle orbital frontal cortex impairment in children with psychopathic tendencies.",
keywords = "ADHD, Aggression, Antisocial behavior, Orbitofrontal cortex, Psychopathy, Response reversal",
author = "S. Budhani and Blair, {Robert James}",
year = "2005",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00398.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "46",
pages = "972--981",
journal = "Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines",
issn = "0021-9630",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Response reversal and children with psychopathic tendencies

T2 - Success is a function of salience of contingency change

AU - Budhani, S.

AU - Blair, Robert James

PY - 2005/9/1

Y1 - 2005/9/1

N2 - Background: Previous work has inconsistently reported difficulties with response reversal/extinction in children with psychopathic tendencies. Method: We tested the hypothesis that the degree of impairment seen in children with psychopathic tendencies is a function of the salience of contingency change. We investigated the performance of children with psychopathic tendencies on a novel probabilistic response reversal task involving four conditions with gradated reward-punishment contingencies (100-0, 90-10, 80-20 and 70-30; i.e., for the 100-0 contingency, responding to one object is always rewarded while responding to the other is always punished). Results: In line with predictions, the impairment seen in the children with psychopathic tendencies was an inverse function of the salience of the contingency change. Conclusions: We suggest that this data is consistent with suggestions of subtle orbital frontal cortex impairment in children with psychopathic tendencies.

AB - Background: Previous work has inconsistently reported difficulties with response reversal/extinction in children with psychopathic tendencies. Method: We tested the hypothesis that the degree of impairment seen in children with psychopathic tendencies is a function of the salience of contingency change. We investigated the performance of children with psychopathic tendencies on a novel probabilistic response reversal task involving four conditions with gradated reward-punishment contingencies (100-0, 90-10, 80-20 and 70-30; i.e., for the 100-0 contingency, responding to one object is always rewarded while responding to the other is always punished). Results: In line with predictions, the impairment seen in the children with psychopathic tendencies was an inverse function of the salience of the contingency change. Conclusions: We suggest that this data is consistent with suggestions of subtle orbital frontal cortex impairment in children with psychopathic tendencies.

KW - ADHD

KW - Aggression

KW - Antisocial behavior

KW - Orbitofrontal cortex

KW - Psychopathy

KW - Response reversal

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33644678001&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33644678001&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00398.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00398.x

M3 - Article

VL - 46

SP - 972

EP - 981

JO - Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines

JF - Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines

SN - 0021-9630

IS - 9

ER -