Resource availability, breeding site selection, and reproductive success of red-winged blackbirds

Andrew M. Turner, John P. McCarty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Red-winged blackbirds are polygynous and show strong breeding site preferences, but it is unclear which environmental factors regulate their reproductive success and are ultimately responsible for shaping their patterns of habitat selection and their mating system. We evaluated the effect of variation in insect emergence rates on the reproductive success of male and female redwings nesting on replicate ponds. The number of male and female redwings that settled on a pond varied two- to three-fold among ponds, but was not related to insect emergence rates. Insect emergence rates had a positive effect on the number of nestlings successfully fledged by females, the number of nestlings fledged from male territories, and on the mass of nestlings at fledging. Typha stem density also varied widely among ponds, and was positively related to male and female settling density and mass of nestlings at fledging, but not to the number of nestlings fledged by females or males. We conclude that alternative breeding sites differ in their ability to support redwing reproduction, and that the availability of emerging odonates is an important environmental factor influencing the reproductive success of both male and female red-winged blackbirds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140-146
Number of pages7
JournalOecologia
Volume113
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1997

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Keywords

  • Aquatic insects
  • Habitat selection
  • Harem size
  • Marsh
  • Polygyny

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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