Resident Surgeons Underrate Their Laparoscopic Skills and Comfort Level When Compared with the Rating by Attending Surgeons

Mitchell B. Alameddine, Jake Claflin, Christopher P. Scally, David M. Noble, Bradley N Reames, Michael J. Englesbe, Sandra L. Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective The development of operative skills during general surgery residency depends largely on the resident surgeons' (residents) ability to accurately self-assess and identify areas for improvement. We compared evaluations of laparoscopic skills and comfort level of residents from both the residents' and attending surgeons' (attendings') perspectives. Design We prospectively observed 111 elective cholecystectomies at the University of Michigan as part of a larger quality improvement initiative. Immediately after the operation, both residents and attendings completed a survey in which they rated the residents' operative proficiency, comfort level, and the difficulty of the case using a previously validated instrument. Residents' and attendings' evaluations of residents' performance were compared using 2-sided t tests. Setting The University of Michigan Health System in Ann Arbor, MI. Large academic, tertiary care institution. Participants All general surgery residents and faculty at the University of Michigan performing laparoscopic cholecystectomy between June 1 and August 31, 2013. Data were collected for 28 of the institution's 54 trainees. Results Attendings rated residents higher than what residents rated themselves on a 5-point Likert-type scale regarding depth perception (3.86 vs. 3.38, p < 0.005), bimanual dexterity (3.75 vs. 3.36, p = 0.005), efficiency (3.58 vs. 3.18, p < 0.005), tissue handling (3.69 vs. 3.23, p < 0.005), and comfort while performing a case (3.86 vs. 3.38, p < 0.005). Attendings and residents were in agreement on the level of autonomy displayed by the resident during the case (3.31 vs. 3.34, p = 0.85), the level of difficulty of the case (2.98 vs. 2.85, p = 0.443), and the degree of teaching done by the attending during the case (3.61 vs. 3.54, p = 0.701). Conclusions A gap exists between residents' and attendings' perception of residents' laparoscopic skills and comfort level in performing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. These findings call for improved communication between residents and attendings to ensure that graduates are adequately prepared to operate independently. In the context of changing methods of resident evaluations that call for explicitly defined competencies in surgery, it is essential that residents are able to accurately self-assess and be in general agreement with attendings on their level of laparoscopic skills and comfort level while performing a case.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1240-1246
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Surgical Education
Volume72
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

rating
resident
Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy
Depth Perception
Aptitude
Cholecystectomy
Tertiary Healthcare
Internship and Residency
Quality Improvement
Teaching
Communication
Efficiency
surgery
Surgeons
Health
evaluation
trainee
autonomy
graduate

Keywords

  • clinical competence
  • education
  • general surgery/education
  • graduate/standards
  • Key Words internship/residency
  • medical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Education

Cite this

Resident Surgeons Underrate Their Laparoscopic Skills and Comfort Level When Compared with the Rating by Attending Surgeons. / Alameddine, Mitchell B.; Claflin, Jake; Scally, Christopher P.; Noble, David M.; Reames, Bradley N; Englesbe, Michael J.; Wong, Sandra L.

In: Journal of Surgical Education, Vol. 72, No. 6, 01.01.2015, p. 1240-1246.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Alameddine, Mitchell B. ; Claflin, Jake ; Scally, Christopher P. ; Noble, David M. ; Reames, Bradley N ; Englesbe, Michael J. ; Wong, Sandra L. / Resident Surgeons Underrate Their Laparoscopic Skills and Comfort Level When Compared with the Rating by Attending Surgeons. In: Journal of Surgical Education. 2015 ; Vol. 72, No. 6. pp. 1240-1246.
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abstract = "Objective The development of operative skills during general surgery residency depends largely on the resident surgeons' (residents) ability to accurately self-assess and identify areas for improvement. We compared evaluations of laparoscopic skills and comfort level of residents from both the residents' and attending surgeons' (attendings') perspectives. Design We prospectively observed 111 elective cholecystectomies at the University of Michigan as part of a larger quality improvement initiative. Immediately after the operation, both residents and attendings completed a survey in which they rated the residents' operative proficiency, comfort level, and the difficulty of the case using a previously validated instrument. Residents' and attendings' evaluations of residents' performance were compared using 2-sided t tests. Setting The University of Michigan Health System in Ann Arbor, MI. Large academic, tertiary care institution. Participants All general surgery residents and faculty at the University of Michigan performing laparoscopic cholecystectomy between June 1 and August 31, 2013. Data were collected for 28 of the institution's 54 trainees. Results Attendings rated residents higher than what residents rated themselves on a 5-point Likert-type scale regarding depth perception (3.86 vs. 3.38, p < 0.005), bimanual dexterity (3.75 vs. 3.36, p = 0.005), efficiency (3.58 vs. 3.18, p < 0.005), tissue handling (3.69 vs. 3.23, p < 0.005), and comfort while performing a case (3.86 vs. 3.38, p < 0.005). Attendings and residents were in agreement on the level of autonomy displayed by the resident during the case (3.31 vs. 3.34, p = 0.85), the level of difficulty of the case (2.98 vs. 2.85, p = 0.443), and the degree of teaching done by the attending during the case (3.61 vs. 3.54, p = 0.701). Conclusions A gap exists between residents' and attendings' perception of residents' laparoscopic skills and comfort level in performing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. These findings call for improved communication between residents and attendings to ensure that graduates are adequately prepared to operate independently. In the context of changing methods of resident evaluations that call for explicitly defined competencies in surgery, it is essential that residents are able to accurately self-assess and be in general agreement with attendings on their level of laparoscopic skills and comfort level while performing a case.",
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N2 - Objective The development of operative skills during general surgery residency depends largely on the resident surgeons' (residents) ability to accurately self-assess and identify areas for improvement. We compared evaluations of laparoscopic skills and comfort level of residents from both the residents' and attending surgeons' (attendings') perspectives. Design We prospectively observed 111 elective cholecystectomies at the University of Michigan as part of a larger quality improvement initiative. Immediately after the operation, both residents and attendings completed a survey in which they rated the residents' operative proficiency, comfort level, and the difficulty of the case using a previously validated instrument. Residents' and attendings' evaluations of residents' performance were compared using 2-sided t tests. Setting The University of Michigan Health System in Ann Arbor, MI. Large academic, tertiary care institution. Participants All general surgery residents and faculty at the University of Michigan performing laparoscopic cholecystectomy between June 1 and August 31, 2013. Data were collected for 28 of the institution's 54 trainees. Results Attendings rated residents higher than what residents rated themselves on a 5-point Likert-type scale regarding depth perception (3.86 vs. 3.38, p < 0.005), bimanual dexterity (3.75 vs. 3.36, p = 0.005), efficiency (3.58 vs. 3.18, p < 0.005), tissue handling (3.69 vs. 3.23, p < 0.005), and comfort while performing a case (3.86 vs. 3.38, p < 0.005). Attendings and residents were in agreement on the level of autonomy displayed by the resident during the case (3.31 vs. 3.34, p = 0.85), the level of difficulty of the case (2.98 vs. 2.85, p = 0.443), and the degree of teaching done by the attending during the case (3.61 vs. 3.54, p = 0.701). Conclusions A gap exists between residents' and attendings' perception of residents' laparoscopic skills and comfort level in performing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. These findings call for improved communication between residents and attendings to ensure that graduates are adequately prepared to operate independently. In the context of changing methods of resident evaluations that call for explicitly defined competencies in surgery, it is essential that residents are able to accurately self-assess and be in general agreement with attendings on their level of laparoscopic skills and comfort level while performing a case.

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