Religiosity, values, and horizontal and vertical individualism—collectivism: A study of turkey, the united states, and the philippines

Cem Safak Cukur, Maria Rosario T. De Guzman, Gustavo Carlo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

95 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The authors examined the links between two dimensions that have been useful in understanding cross-cultural differences and similarities, namely, individualism-collectivism (I-C) and value orientations. The authors examined the relations and parallels between the two variables by directly relating them and examining the patterns of relations that both have with a third variable, religiosity. Participants were 475 college students from the Philippines, the United States, and Turkey who responded to measures of horizontal and vertical I-C, value orientations, and religiosity. The authors found partial support for the parallels between I-C and value types, particularly for collectivism and conservative values. Moreover, religiosity was associated positively with conservative values and collectivism, across all three cultures. The authors found individualism to also relate to openness-to-change values, though the patterns were not as consistent as those that they found between collectivism and conservation. Differences and similarities emerged in links of I-C-values to religiosity across the three samples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)613-634
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Social Psychology
Volume144
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004

Fingerprint

Social Values
Philippines
Turkey
Students

Keywords

  • Collectivism
  • Individualism
  • Religiosity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Religiosity, values, and horizontal and vertical individualism—collectivism : A study of turkey, the united states, and the philippines. / Cukur, Cem Safak; De Guzman, Maria Rosario T.; Carlo, Gustavo.

In: Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 144, No. 6, 01.12.2004, p. 613-634.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{9793d4938cd84b2db30d04dc9fa3f5ec,
title = "Religiosity, values, and horizontal and vertical individualism—collectivism: A study of turkey, the united states, and the philippines",
abstract = "The authors examined the links between two dimensions that have been useful in understanding cross-cultural differences and similarities, namely, individualism-collectivism (I-C) and value orientations. The authors examined the relations and parallels between the two variables by directly relating them and examining the patterns of relations that both have with a third variable, religiosity. Participants were 475 college students from the Philippines, the United States, and Turkey who responded to measures of horizontal and vertical I-C, value orientations, and religiosity. The authors found partial support for the parallels between I-C and value types, particularly for collectivism and conservative values. Moreover, religiosity was associated positively with conservative values and collectivism, across all three cultures. The authors found individualism to also relate to openness-to-change values, though the patterns were not as consistent as those that they found between collectivism and conservation. Differences and similarities emerged in links of I-C-values to religiosity across the three samples.",
keywords = "Collectivism, Individualism, Religiosity",
author = "Cukur, {Cem Safak} and {De Guzman}, {Maria Rosario T.} and Gustavo Carlo",
year = "2004",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3200/SOCP.144.6.613-634",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "144",
pages = "613--634",
journal = "Journal of Social Psychology",
issn = "0022-4545",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Religiosity, values, and horizontal and vertical individualism—collectivism

T2 - A study of turkey, the united states, and the philippines

AU - Cukur, Cem Safak

AU - De Guzman, Maria Rosario T.

AU - Carlo, Gustavo

PY - 2004/12/1

Y1 - 2004/12/1

N2 - The authors examined the links between two dimensions that have been useful in understanding cross-cultural differences and similarities, namely, individualism-collectivism (I-C) and value orientations. The authors examined the relations and parallels between the two variables by directly relating them and examining the patterns of relations that both have with a third variable, religiosity. Participants were 475 college students from the Philippines, the United States, and Turkey who responded to measures of horizontal and vertical I-C, value orientations, and religiosity. The authors found partial support for the parallels between I-C and value types, particularly for collectivism and conservative values. Moreover, religiosity was associated positively with conservative values and collectivism, across all three cultures. The authors found individualism to also relate to openness-to-change values, though the patterns were not as consistent as those that they found between collectivism and conservation. Differences and similarities emerged in links of I-C-values to religiosity across the three samples.

AB - The authors examined the links between two dimensions that have been useful in understanding cross-cultural differences and similarities, namely, individualism-collectivism (I-C) and value orientations. The authors examined the relations and parallels between the two variables by directly relating them and examining the patterns of relations that both have with a third variable, religiosity. Participants were 475 college students from the Philippines, the United States, and Turkey who responded to measures of horizontal and vertical I-C, value orientations, and religiosity. The authors found partial support for the parallels between I-C and value types, particularly for collectivism and conservative values. Moreover, religiosity was associated positively with conservative values and collectivism, across all three cultures. The authors found individualism to also relate to openness-to-change values, though the patterns were not as consistent as those that they found between collectivism and conservation. Differences and similarities emerged in links of I-C-values to religiosity across the three samples.

KW - Collectivism

KW - Individualism

KW - Religiosity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=9344228993&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=9344228993&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3200/SOCP.144.6.613-634

DO - 10.3200/SOCP.144.6.613-634

M3 - Article

C2 - 15565828

AN - SCOPUS:9344228993

VL - 144

SP - 613

EP - 634

JO - Journal of Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Social Psychology

SN - 0022-4545

IS - 6

ER -