Relevant factors in the identification of hearing loss

Anne L. Mace, Kathleen L. Wallace, Mary Q. Whan, Patricia G Stelmachowicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined factors which may affect early identification of hearing loss. The medical records of 123 children with educationally significant hearing impairment were examined. Information about each child’s degree and type of hearing loss, etiology, referral source, birth and medical history, additional handicaps, age of suspicion of loss, mode of identification, age of identification, and age at which aided was entered into a database for further analysis. The age range for identification was 7 weeks to 10 yr, with a median age of 2.1 yr. Children with a greater degree of hearing loss, an additional handicap, additional medical conditions, or an etiology strongly associated with hearing loss were identified earlier than those without these factors. Unexpectedly, children with a history of middle ear dysfunction were identified no later than those without, and children with a positive family history of hearing loss were identified later than those with a negative family history. These results agree with other studies which show that, in general, children are identified and habilitated at a later age than that recommended by both the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Committee and the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-293
Number of pages7
JournalEar and hearing
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

Fingerprint

Hearing Loss
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
Reproductive History
Middle Ear
Hearing
Medical Records
Referral and Consultation
Databases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Speech and Hearing

Cite this

Mace, A. L., Wallace, K. L., Whan, M. Q., & Stelmachowicz, P. G. (1991). Relevant factors in the identification of hearing loss. Ear and hearing, 12(4), 287-293. https://doi.org/10.1097/00003446-199108000-00008

Relevant factors in the identification of hearing loss. / Mace, Anne L.; Wallace, Kathleen L.; Whan, Mary Q.; Stelmachowicz, Patricia G.

In: Ear and hearing, Vol. 12, No. 4, 01.01.1991, p. 287-293.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mace, AL, Wallace, KL, Whan, MQ & Stelmachowicz, PG 1991, 'Relevant factors in the identification of hearing loss', Ear and hearing, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 287-293. https://doi.org/10.1097/00003446-199108000-00008
Mace AL, Wallace KL, Whan MQ, Stelmachowicz PG. Relevant factors in the identification of hearing loss. Ear and hearing. 1991 Jan 1;12(4):287-293. https://doi.org/10.1097/00003446-199108000-00008
Mace, Anne L. ; Wallace, Kathleen L. ; Whan, Mary Q. ; Stelmachowicz, Patricia G. / Relevant factors in the identification of hearing loss. In: Ear and hearing. 1991 ; Vol. 12, No. 4. pp. 287-293.
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