Regulation of very low density lipoprotein apo B metabolism by dietary fat saturation and chain length in the guinea pig

Ghada Abdel-Fattah, Maria Luz Fernandez, Donald J. McNamara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Studies investigated the effects of dietary fatty acid composition and saturation on the regulation of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) apo B flux, clearance, and conversion to low density lipoprotein (LDL) in guinea pigs fed semipurified diets containing 15% (w/w) corn oil (CO), lard (LA), or palm kernel oil (PK). Plasma cholesterol levels were highest with dietary PK (3.1 ± 1.0 mmol/L) followed by LA (2.4 ± 0.4 mmol/L) and CO (1.6 ± 0.4 mmol/L) intake. VLDL particles were larger (P < 0.05) in the LA (78 ± 7 nm) and PK (69 ± 10 nm) groups compared to animals fed CO (49 ± 5 nm). VLDL- apo B fractional catabolic rates (FCR) were highest in guinea pigs fed the LA diet (P < 0.05) and VLDL apo B flux, estimated from VLDL 125I-apo B turnover kinetics, were higher in LA compared to PK or CO fed guinea pigs. In the case of PK consumption, the kinetic estimates of VLDL apo B flux significantly underestimated rates compared to direct VLDL apo B secretion measurements and LDL turnover analyses. These data demonstrate that differences in the composition and amount of saturated fatty acids have differential effects on VLDL apo B flux, catabolism, and conversion to LDL which, together with changes in LDL receptor-mediated catabolism, determine plasma LDL cholesterol levels in guinea pigs. The data also indicate that kinetic analysis of VLDL metabolism in PK fed animals is inaccurate possibly due to the presence of a small, nonequilibrating pool of newly synthesized VLDL which is rapidly converted to LDL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-31
Number of pages9
JournalLipids
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1998

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this