We measured hemodynamics and renal function in conscious dogs while partially obstructing blood flow at various sites within the thorax. Inflation of a balloon in the left atrium increased left atrial pressure (LAP) by 9 mmHg and caused a parallel increase in pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP); heart rate, arterial pressure, and total peripheral resistance increased; stroke volume and right atrial pressure decreased; and cardiac output remained unchanged. The increase in LAP was accompanied by a fourfold increase in urine flow and a threefold increase in sodium excretion. Plasma vasopressin (AVP) and renin activity (PRA) decreased. On the other hand, partial occlusion of the pulmonary veins or the main pulmonary artery produced similar increases in PAP without affecting LAP, systemic hemodynamics, renal function, or plasma AVP. Similarly, inflation of a balloon in the right atrium failed to alter renal function, plasma AVP, or PRA. Finally, constriction of the thoracic inferior vena cava decreased LAP and increased PRA. In summary, these data emphasize that inflation of a balloon in the left atrium of the conscious dog produces a composite response consisting of alterations in cardiovascular function, renal function, and circulating hormones. Moreover, our data indicate that the response is mediated by a reflex initiated from receptors located in the left atrium; we detected no evidence that receptors located in the pulmonary vasculature or right heart contribute to this response.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||The American journal of physiology|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1 1982|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)