Reflectance measurement validation using acoustic horns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Variability in wideband acoustic reflectance (and absorbance) measurements adversely affects the clinical utility of reflectance for diagnosis of middle-ear disorders. A reflectance standard would encourage consistency across different measurement systems and help identify calibration related issues. Theoretical equations exist for the reflectance of finite-length exponential, conical, and parabolic acoustic horns. Reflectance measurements were repeatedly made in each of these three horn shapes and the results were compared to the corresponding theoretical reflectance. A method is described of adjusting acoustic impedance measurements to compensate for spreading of the wave front that propagates from the small diameter sound port of the probe to the larger diameter of the acoustic cavity. Agreement between measured and theoretical reflectance was less than 1dB at most frequencies in the range from 0.2 to 10kHz. Pearson correlation coefficients were greater than 0.95 between measured and theoretical time-domain reflectance within the flare region of the horns. The agreement suggests that the distributed reflectance of acoustic horns may be useful for validating reflectance measurements made in human ear canals; however, refinements to reflectance measurement methods may still be needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2246-2255
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume138
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015

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reflectance
acoustics
Acoustics
Reflectance
middle ear
canals
acoustic impedance
impedance measurement
ear
wave fronts
correlation coefficients
flares
adjusting
disorders
broadband
cavities
probes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

Cite this

Reflectance measurement validation using acoustic horns. / Rasetshwane, Daniel M; Neely, Stephen T.

In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 138, No. 4, 01.10.2015, p. 2246-2255.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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