Reductions in the social anxiety of women associated with group membership: Distraction, anonymity, security, or diffusion of evaluation?

Albert V. Carron, Paul A. Estabrooks, Holly Horton, Harry Prapavessis, Heather A. Hausenblas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined whether social anxiety is diminished among women in the company of a group and, if so, whether it is associated with perceptions of anonymity, being distracted, feelings of security, or an expectation that any evaluation will be diffused across the members of the group. Two social scenarios were presented to 61 female undergraduate students: a physique-salient and a general social situation. For the former situation, self-presentational anxiety was less pronounced in a group of female friends and a mixed group of male and female friends than when alone or in a group of male friends. For the general social situation, in comparison with being alone, being in a group of female friends, being in a group of male friends, and being in a mixed group of male and female friends were associated with less social anxiety. Diffusion of evaluation and perceptions of security were most strongly associated with the reduction in social anxiety.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)152-160
Number of pages9
JournalGroup Dynamics
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999

Fingerprint

Anxiety
Evaluation
Anonymity
Group membership
Emotions
Students
Social situation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Reductions in the social anxiety of women associated with group membership : Distraction, anonymity, security, or diffusion of evaluation? / Carron, Albert V.; Estabrooks, Paul A.; Horton, Holly; Prapavessis, Harry; Hausenblas, Heather A.

In: Group Dynamics, Vol. 3, No. 2, 01.12.1999, p. 152-160.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Carron, Albert V. ; Estabrooks, Paul A. ; Horton, Holly ; Prapavessis, Harry ; Hausenblas, Heather A. / Reductions in the social anxiety of women associated with group membership : Distraction, anonymity, security, or diffusion of evaluation?. In: Group Dynamics. 1999 ; Vol. 3, No. 2. pp. 152-160.
@article{a52a955e9a184bf78ef20ec2a670031e,
title = "Reductions in the social anxiety of women associated with group membership: Distraction, anonymity, security, or diffusion of evaluation?",
abstract = "This study examined whether social anxiety is diminished among women in the company of a group and, if so, whether it is associated with perceptions of anonymity, being distracted, feelings of security, or an expectation that any evaluation will be diffused across the members of the group. Two social scenarios were presented to 61 female undergraduate students: a physique-salient and a general social situation. For the former situation, self-presentational anxiety was less pronounced in a group of female friends and a mixed group of male and female friends than when alone or in a group of male friends. For the general social situation, in comparison with being alone, being in a group of female friends, being in a group of male friends, and being in a mixed group of male and female friends were associated with less social anxiety. Diffusion of evaluation and perceptions of security were most strongly associated with the reduction in social anxiety.",
author = "Carron, {Albert V.} and Estabrooks, {Paul A.} and Holly Horton and Harry Prapavessis and Hausenblas, {Heather A.}",
year = "1999",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/1089-2699.3.2.152",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "3",
pages = "152--160",
journal = "Group Dynamics",
issn = "1089-2699",
publisher = "American Psychological Association",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reductions in the social anxiety of women associated with group membership

T2 - Distraction, anonymity, security, or diffusion of evaluation?

AU - Carron, Albert V.

AU - Estabrooks, Paul A.

AU - Horton, Holly

AU - Prapavessis, Harry

AU - Hausenblas, Heather A.

PY - 1999/12/1

Y1 - 1999/12/1

N2 - This study examined whether social anxiety is diminished among women in the company of a group and, if so, whether it is associated with perceptions of anonymity, being distracted, feelings of security, or an expectation that any evaluation will be diffused across the members of the group. Two social scenarios were presented to 61 female undergraduate students: a physique-salient and a general social situation. For the former situation, self-presentational anxiety was less pronounced in a group of female friends and a mixed group of male and female friends than when alone or in a group of male friends. For the general social situation, in comparison with being alone, being in a group of female friends, being in a group of male friends, and being in a mixed group of male and female friends were associated with less social anxiety. Diffusion of evaluation and perceptions of security were most strongly associated with the reduction in social anxiety.

AB - This study examined whether social anxiety is diminished among women in the company of a group and, if so, whether it is associated with perceptions of anonymity, being distracted, feelings of security, or an expectation that any evaluation will be diffused across the members of the group. Two social scenarios were presented to 61 female undergraduate students: a physique-salient and a general social situation. For the former situation, self-presentational anxiety was less pronounced in a group of female friends and a mixed group of male and female friends than when alone or in a group of male friends. For the general social situation, in comparison with being alone, being in a group of female friends, being in a group of male friends, and being in a mixed group of male and female friends were associated with less social anxiety. Diffusion of evaluation and perceptions of security were most strongly associated with the reduction in social anxiety.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=12444286122&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=12444286122&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/1089-2699.3.2.152

DO - 10.1037/1089-2699.3.2.152

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:12444286122

VL - 3

SP - 152

EP - 160

JO - Group Dynamics

JF - Group Dynamics

SN - 1089-2699

IS - 2

ER -