Reduction of Polychlorinated Biphenyl Toxicity and Uptake of Carbon-14 Activity by Plants through the Use of Activated Carbon

Harry J. Strek, Jerome B. Weber, Patrick J. Shea, Edward Mrozek, Michael R. Overcash

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The use of soil-applied activated carbon in reducing the phytotoxicity and uptake from soil of polychlorinated biphenyls (Pcbüs) by a variety of crop plants was investigated. Reductions in growth parameters resulted at the highest rate of PCB for soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] and beet (Beta vulgaris (L.)]. Growth parameters taken at harvest showed no apparent inhibition of corn (Zea mays L.) and sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moensch] by PCB. The activated carbon treatment substantially reduced growth inhibition caused by PCB. Treatment with soil-applied activated carbon reduced 14C uptake into foliage of beet, corn, sorghum, and peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in studies using a mixture of U-14C-labeled polychlorinated biphenyls mixed with unlabeled PCB and applied to soil at 20 ppm (total PCB). Activated carbon continued to be effective in reducing 14C uptake over three croppings of fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schrib).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)288-293
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1981

Fingerprint

Polychlorinated Biphenyls
polychlorinated biphenyls
activated carbon
Activated carbon
Toxicity
Carbon
toxicity
uptake mechanisms
carbon
beets
Beta vulgaris
Sorghum
Sorghum (Poaceae)
growth retardation
Soil
soil
Zea mays
Soils
corn
Soybeans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Reduction of Polychlorinated Biphenyl Toxicity and Uptake of Carbon-14 Activity by Plants through the Use of Activated Carbon. / Strek, Harry J.; Weber, Jerome B.; Shea, Patrick J.; Mrozek, Edward; Overcash, Michael R.

In: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol. 29, No. 2, 03.1981, p. 288-293.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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