Redox-sensitive calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IIα in angiotensin II intra-neuronal signaling and hypertension: Redox-sensitive neuronal CaMKIIα in AngII hypertension

Urmi Basu, Adam J. Case, Jinxu Liu, Jun Tian, Yu Long Li, Matthew C. Zimmerman

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dysregulation of brain angiotensin II (AngII) signaling results in modulation of neuronal ion channel activity, an increase in neuronal firing, enhanced sympathoexcitation, and subsequently elevated blood pressure. Studies over the past two decades have shown that these AngII responses are mediated, in part, by reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, the redox-sensitive target(s) that are directly acted upon by these ROS to execute the AngII pathophysiological responses in neurons remain unclear. Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) is an AngII-activated intra-neuronal signaling protein, which has been suggested to be redox sensitive as overexpressing the antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase attenuates AngII-induced activation of CaMKII. Herein, we hypothesized that the neuronal isoform of CaMKII, CaMKII-alpha (CaMKIIα), is a redox-sensitive target of AngII, and that mutation of potentially redox-sensitive amino acids in CaMKIIα influences AngII-mediated intra-neuronal signaling and hypertension. Adenoviral vectors expressing wild-type mouse CaMKIIα (Ad.wtCaMKIIα) or mutant CaMKIIα (Ad.mutCaMKIIα) with C280A and M281V mutations were generated to overexpress either CaMKIIα isoform in mouse catecholaminergic cultured neurons (CATH.a) or in the brain subfornical organ (SFO) of hypertensive mice. Overexpressing wtCaMKIIα exacerbated AngII pathophysiological responses as observed by a potentiation of AngII-induced inhibition of voltage-gated K+ current, enhanced in vivo pressor response following intracerebroventricular injection of AngII, and sensitization to chronic peripheral infusion of AngII resulting in a more rapid increase in blood pressure. In contrast, expressing the mutant CaMKIIα in CATH.a neurons or the SFO failed to intensify these AngII responses. Taken together, these data identify neuronal CaMKIIα as a redox-sensitive signaling protein that contributes to AngII-induced neuronal activation and hypertension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101230
JournalRedox Biology
Volume27
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2019

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Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 2
Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases
Angiotensin II
Oxidation-Reduction
Hypertension
Subfornical Organ
Neurons
Blood pressure
Reactive Oxygen Species
Brain
Protein Isoforms
Chemical activation
Blood Pressure
Mutation
Ion Channels
Superoxide Dismutase

Keywords

  • Angiotensin II
  • Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IIα
  • Hypertension
  • Neurons
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Redox signaling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry

Cite this

@article{6dbe30c390c14bb990fe027dde852479,
title = "Redox-sensitive calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IIα in angiotensin II intra-neuronal signaling and hypertension: Redox-sensitive neuronal CaMKIIα in AngII hypertension",
abstract = "Dysregulation of brain angiotensin II (AngII) signaling results in modulation of neuronal ion channel activity, an increase in neuronal firing, enhanced sympathoexcitation, and subsequently elevated blood pressure. Studies over the past two decades have shown that these AngII responses are mediated, in part, by reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, the redox-sensitive target(s) that are directly acted upon by these ROS to execute the AngII pathophysiological responses in neurons remain unclear. Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) is an AngII-activated intra-neuronal signaling protein, which has been suggested to be redox sensitive as overexpressing the antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase attenuates AngII-induced activation of CaMKII. Herein, we hypothesized that the neuronal isoform of CaMKII, CaMKII-alpha (CaMKIIα), is a redox-sensitive target of AngII, and that mutation of potentially redox-sensitive amino acids in CaMKIIα influences AngII-mediated intra-neuronal signaling and hypertension. Adenoviral vectors expressing wild-type mouse CaMKIIα (Ad.wtCaMKIIα) or mutant CaMKIIα (Ad.mutCaMKIIα) with C280A and M281V mutations were generated to overexpress either CaMKIIα isoform in mouse catecholaminergic cultured neurons (CATH.a) or in the brain subfornical organ (SFO) of hypertensive mice. Overexpressing wtCaMKIIα exacerbated AngII pathophysiological responses as observed by a potentiation of AngII-induced inhibition of voltage-gated K+ current, enhanced in vivo pressor response following intracerebroventricular injection of AngII, and sensitization to chronic peripheral infusion of AngII resulting in a more rapid increase in blood pressure. In contrast, expressing the mutant CaMKIIα in CATH.a neurons or the SFO failed to intensify these AngII responses. Taken together, these data identify neuronal CaMKIIα as a redox-sensitive signaling protein that contributes to AngII-induced neuronal activation and hypertension.",
keywords = "Angiotensin II, Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IIα, Hypertension, Neurons, Reactive oxygen species, Redox signaling",
author = "Urmi Basu and Case, {Adam J.} and Jinxu Liu and Jun Tian and Li, {Yu Long} and Zimmerman, {Matthew C.}",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1016/j.redox.2019.101230",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "27",
journal = "Redox Biology",
issn = "2213-2317",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Redox-sensitive calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IIα in angiotensin II intra-neuronal signaling and hypertension

T2 - Redox-sensitive neuronal CaMKIIα in AngII hypertension

AU - Basu, Urmi

AU - Case, Adam J.

AU - Liu, Jinxu

AU - Tian, Jun

AU - Li, Yu Long

AU - Zimmerman, Matthew C.

PY - 2019/10

Y1 - 2019/10

N2 - Dysregulation of brain angiotensin II (AngII) signaling results in modulation of neuronal ion channel activity, an increase in neuronal firing, enhanced sympathoexcitation, and subsequently elevated blood pressure. Studies over the past two decades have shown that these AngII responses are mediated, in part, by reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, the redox-sensitive target(s) that are directly acted upon by these ROS to execute the AngII pathophysiological responses in neurons remain unclear. Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) is an AngII-activated intra-neuronal signaling protein, which has been suggested to be redox sensitive as overexpressing the antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase attenuates AngII-induced activation of CaMKII. Herein, we hypothesized that the neuronal isoform of CaMKII, CaMKII-alpha (CaMKIIα), is a redox-sensitive target of AngII, and that mutation of potentially redox-sensitive amino acids in CaMKIIα influences AngII-mediated intra-neuronal signaling and hypertension. Adenoviral vectors expressing wild-type mouse CaMKIIα (Ad.wtCaMKIIα) or mutant CaMKIIα (Ad.mutCaMKIIα) with C280A and M281V mutations were generated to overexpress either CaMKIIα isoform in mouse catecholaminergic cultured neurons (CATH.a) or in the brain subfornical organ (SFO) of hypertensive mice. Overexpressing wtCaMKIIα exacerbated AngII pathophysiological responses as observed by a potentiation of AngII-induced inhibition of voltage-gated K+ current, enhanced in vivo pressor response following intracerebroventricular injection of AngII, and sensitization to chronic peripheral infusion of AngII resulting in a more rapid increase in blood pressure. In contrast, expressing the mutant CaMKIIα in CATH.a neurons or the SFO failed to intensify these AngII responses. Taken together, these data identify neuronal CaMKIIα as a redox-sensitive signaling protein that contributes to AngII-induced neuronal activation and hypertension.

AB - Dysregulation of brain angiotensin II (AngII) signaling results in modulation of neuronal ion channel activity, an increase in neuronal firing, enhanced sympathoexcitation, and subsequently elevated blood pressure. Studies over the past two decades have shown that these AngII responses are mediated, in part, by reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, the redox-sensitive target(s) that are directly acted upon by these ROS to execute the AngII pathophysiological responses in neurons remain unclear. Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) is an AngII-activated intra-neuronal signaling protein, which has been suggested to be redox sensitive as overexpressing the antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase attenuates AngII-induced activation of CaMKII. Herein, we hypothesized that the neuronal isoform of CaMKII, CaMKII-alpha (CaMKIIα), is a redox-sensitive target of AngII, and that mutation of potentially redox-sensitive amino acids in CaMKIIα influences AngII-mediated intra-neuronal signaling and hypertension. Adenoviral vectors expressing wild-type mouse CaMKIIα (Ad.wtCaMKIIα) or mutant CaMKIIα (Ad.mutCaMKIIα) with C280A and M281V mutations were generated to overexpress either CaMKIIα isoform in mouse catecholaminergic cultured neurons (CATH.a) or in the brain subfornical organ (SFO) of hypertensive mice. Overexpressing wtCaMKIIα exacerbated AngII pathophysiological responses as observed by a potentiation of AngII-induced inhibition of voltage-gated K+ current, enhanced in vivo pressor response following intracerebroventricular injection of AngII, and sensitization to chronic peripheral infusion of AngII resulting in a more rapid increase in blood pressure. In contrast, expressing the mutant CaMKIIα in CATH.a neurons or the SFO failed to intensify these AngII responses. Taken together, these data identify neuronal CaMKIIα as a redox-sensitive signaling protein that contributes to AngII-induced neuronal activation and hypertension.

KW - Angiotensin II

KW - Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IIα

KW - Hypertension

KW - Neurons

KW - Reactive oxygen species

KW - Redox signaling

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C2 - 31175066

AN - SCOPUS:85066452691

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JF - Redox Biology

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