Recovery of high-integrity mRNA from brains of rats killed by high-energy focused microwave irradiation

Michael Mayne, P. Nickolas Shepel, Jonathan D. Geiger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Following decapitation, during the brief time period of postmortem brain tissue collection, significant changes in neuro-metabolite levels can occur. To circumvent such changes, we routinely kill rats using 1 to 2 sec pulses of focused high-energy microwave irradiation (10 kW). The effects of high-energy microwave irradiation on total RNA and mRNA integrity in brain however, are unknown. Total RNA recovery, per gram wet weight, in brain regions of microwaved rats was less than 50% of that in rats killed by decapitation. Formaldehyde agarose gel electrophoresis showed that ribosomal RNA components were highly degraded in all brain regions of microwaved rats. In contrast, poly A+mRNA, as measured by poly A+driven cDNA synthesis and Northern analysis, in brain samples of microwaved or decapitated rats was of equal integrity and quantity when expressed per mg tissue weight. Furthermore, positive RT-PCR products for GAPDH and TNF-α were observed in brain regions of both microwaved and decapitated rats. These observations indicated that high-energy focused microwave irradiation does not reduce mRNA abundance and integrity. Thus, this method of animal sacrifice can be used to simultaneously study, accurately and precisely, levels of brain metabolites as well as molecular biological events in discrete brain regions of experimental animals without postmortem interference.Theme: Cellular and Molecular BiologyTopic: Gene structure and function: general Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)295-302
Number of pages8
JournalBrain Research Protocols
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999

Fingerprint

Microwaves
Messenger RNA
Brain
Decapitation
RNA
Weights and Measures
Poly A
Ribosomal RNA
Agar Gel Electrophoresis
Formaldehyde
Complementary DNA
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Genes

Keywords

  • Adenosine
  • High-energy microwave irradiation
  • Northern
  • RT-PCR
  • mRNA integrity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Recovery of high-integrity mRNA from brains of rats killed by high-energy focused microwave irradiation. / Mayne, Michael; Shepel, P. Nickolas; Geiger, Jonathan D.

In: Brain Research Protocols, Vol. 4, No. 3, 01.12.1999, p. 295-302.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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