Rapid detection of cytomegalovirus by 24-well plate centrifugation with the use of a monoclonal antibody to an early nuclear antigen

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Abstract

Two methods for the detection of cytomegalovirus (CMV) in 457 clinical specimens were compared: (1) centrifugal inoculation of MRC-5 cells seeded on coverslips in 24-well plates and staining with a monoclonal antibody to CMV early nuclear antigen after incubation for both 16-18 hours (EA-1) and four days (EA-4); and (2) conventional tube cell culture. CMV was identified in 50 (11%) specimens from 34 different patients. EA-1 and EA-4 had positive results for CMV in 32 (64%) and 36 (73%) of the specimens, respectively. Positive inclusions were present on only one coverslip in 31% of the cases by EA-1 and in 10% by EA-4. The number of inclusions was not necessarily predictive of tissue culture results. CMV was recovered by conventional tissue culture from 27 specimens (54%) after an average of 17 days (range, 6-26 days). One specimen, positive for CMV by EA-4, yielded herpes simplex virus (HSV), and from 9 of the 407 CMV-negative specimens, another virus was recovered: HSV from 6 specimens and varicella zoster virus, adenovirus, and enterovirus from one specimen each. CMV was detected in significantly more specimens by EA-4 than by tissue culture (P = 0.037). However, there was no significant difference in the detection of CMV between EA-1 and EA-4 or between EA-1 and conventional culture. The authors' data suggest that for maximum recovery of CMV from clinical specimens, both an early antigen assay and conventional tissue culture should be performed. For urine specimens it appears that inoculation of two coverslips followed by staining after overnight incubation is adequate. To optimize the yield of the early antigen assay when testing specimens other than urine, the authors recommend inoculating three coverslips, two of which should be stained after overnight incubation, and, if necessary, the third coverslip could be stained after a more prolonged incubation period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)695-700
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of clinical pathology
Volume91
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

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Nuclear Antigens
Cytomegalovirus
Centrifugation
Monoclonal Antibodies
Simplexvirus
Urine
Staining and Labeling
Antigens
Human Herpesvirus 3
Enterovirus
Adenoviridae
Cell Culture Techniques
Viruses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

@article{3bee2a8074244e738cb8a43fe27e1591,
title = "Rapid detection of cytomegalovirus by 24-well plate centrifugation with the use of a monoclonal antibody to an early nuclear antigen",
abstract = "Two methods for the detection of cytomegalovirus (CMV) in 457 clinical specimens were compared: (1) centrifugal inoculation of MRC-5 cells seeded on coverslips in 24-well plates and staining with a monoclonal antibody to CMV early nuclear antigen after incubation for both 16-18 hours (EA-1) and four days (EA-4); and (2) conventional tube cell culture. CMV was identified in 50 (11{\%}) specimens from 34 different patients. EA-1 and EA-4 had positive results for CMV in 32 (64{\%}) and 36 (73{\%}) of the specimens, respectively. Positive inclusions were present on only one coverslip in 31{\%} of the cases by EA-1 and in 10{\%} by EA-4. The number of inclusions was not necessarily predictive of tissue culture results. CMV was recovered by conventional tissue culture from 27 specimens (54{\%}) after an average of 17 days (range, 6-26 days). One specimen, positive for CMV by EA-4, yielded herpes simplex virus (HSV), and from 9 of the 407 CMV-negative specimens, another virus was recovered: HSV from 6 specimens and varicella zoster virus, adenovirus, and enterovirus from one specimen each. CMV was detected in significantly more specimens by EA-4 than by tissue culture (P = 0.037). However, there was no significant difference in the detection of CMV between EA-1 and EA-4 or between EA-1 and conventional culture. The authors' data suggest that for maximum recovery of CMV from clinical specimens, both an early antigen assay and conventional tissue culture should be performed. For urine specimens it appears that inoculation of two coverslips followed by staining after overnight incubation is adequate. To optimize the yield of the early antigen assay when testing specimens other than urine, the authors recommend inoculating three coverslips, two of which should be stained after overnight incubation, and, if necessary, the third coverslip could be stained after a more prolonged incubation period.",
author = "Woods, {G. L.} and Thiele, {Geoffrey Milton}",
year = "1989",
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T1 - Rapid detection of cytomegalovirus by 24-well plate centrifugation with the use of a monoclonal antibody to an early nuclear antigen

AU - Woods, G. L.

AU - Thiele, Geoffrey Milton

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N2 - Two methods for the detection of cytomegalovirus (CMV) in 457 clinical specimens were compared: (1) centrifugal inoculation of MRC-5 cells seeded on coverslips in 24-well plates and staining with a monoclonal antibody to CMV early nuclear antigen after incubation for both 16-18 hours (EA-1) and four days (EA-4); and (2) conventional tube cell culture. CMV was identified in 50 (11%) specimens from 34 different patients. EA-1 and EA-4 had positive results for CMV in 32 (64%) and 36 (73%) of the specimens, respectively. Positive inclusions were present on only one coverslip in 31% of the cases by EA-1 and in 10% by EA-4. The number of inclusions was not necessarily predictive of tissue culture results. CMV was recovered by conventional tissue culture from 27 specimens (54%) after an average of 17 days (range, 6-26 days). One specimen, positive for CMV by EA-4, yielded herpes simplex virus (HSV), and from 9 of the 407 CMV-negative specimens, another virus was recovered: HSV from 6 specimens and varicella zoster virus, adenovirus, and enterovirus from one specimen each. CMV was detected in significantly more specimens by EA-4 than by tissue culture (P = 0.037). However, there was no significant difference in the detection of CMV between EA-1 and EA-4 or between EA-1 and conventional culture. The authors' data suggest that for maximum recovery of CMV from clinical specimens, both an early antigen assay and conventional tissue culture should be performed. For urine specimens it appears that inoculation of two coverslips followed by staining after overnight incubation is adequate. To optimize the yield of the early antigen assay when testing specimens other than urine, the authors recommend inoculating three coverslips, two of which should be stained after overnight incubation, and, if necessary, the third coverslip could be stained after a more prolonged incubation period.

AB - Two methods for the detection of cytomegalovirus (CMV) in 457 clinical specimens were compared: (1) centrifugal inoculation of MRC-5 cells seeded on coverslips in 24-well plates and staining with a monoclonal antibody to CMV early nuclear antigen after incubation for both 16-18 hours (EA-1) and four days (EA-4); and (2) conventional tube cell culture. CMV was identified in 50 (11%) specimens from 34 different patients. EA-1 and EA-4 had positive results for CMV in 32 (64%) and 36 (73%) of the specimens, respectively. Positive inclusions were present on only one coverslip in 31% of the cases by EA-1 and in 10% by EA-4. The number of inclusions was not necessarily predictive of tissue culture results. CMV was recovered by conventional tissue culture from 27 specimens (54%) after an average of 17 days (range, 6-26 days). One specimen, positive for CMV by EA-4, yielded herpes simplex virus (HSV), and from 9 of the 407 CMV-negative specimens, another virus was recovered: HSV from 6 specimens and varicella zoster virus, adenovirus, and enterovirus from one specimen each. CMV was detected in significantly more specimens by EA-4 than by tissue culture (P = 0.037). However, there was no significant difference in the detection of CMV between EA-1 and EA-4 or between EA-1 and conventional culture. The authors' data suggest that for maximum recovery of CMV from clinical specimens, both an early antigen assay and conventional tissue culture should be performed. For urine specimens it appears that inoculation of two coverslips followed by staining after overnight incubation is adequate. To optimize the yield of the early antigen assay when testing specimens other than urine, the authors recommend inoculating three coverslips, two of which should be stained after overnight incubation, and, if necessary, the third coverslip could be stained after a more prolonged incubation period.

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