The toxic effects of the short-lived (T( 1/2 ) = 13.2 h) Auger-electron-emitting isotope 123I, incorporated in the form of 123IUdR into the DNA of V79 cells in vitro, have been investigated and compared to those of 125IUdR. For the concentrations tested, the rate of incorporation of 123IUdR at any time is proportional to the concentration of extracellular radioactivity. The curve for survival of clonogenic cells decreases exponentially and exhibits no shoulder at low doses. The mean lethal dose (D37) to the nucleus is 79 ± 9 cGy and is about the same as that obtained previously with 125IUdR. However, the total number of decays needed to produce this D37 with 123IUdR is about twice that required with 125IUdR, approximately equal to the ratio of the energy deposited in microscopic volumes by 125I and 123I, respectively. This correlation suggests that nuclear recoil, electronic excitation, and chemical transmutation are probably of minor importance to the observed biological toxicity with either isotope. The results also indicate that there are no saturation effects in the decay of 125IUdR in the DNA of V79 cells (i.e., all of the emitted energy is biologically effective) and that each of the two steps involved in the 125I decay is equally effective in causing biological damage.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging