Racial/ethnic differences in trauma exposure and mental health disorders in adolescents

Cristina M. López, Arthur R Andrews III, Andrea M. Chisolm, Michael A. de Arellano, Benjamin Saunders, Dean G. Kilpatrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Research has cited increased prevalence of mood disorders, anxiety disorders, and exposure to interpersonal violence for Hispanics and non-Hispanic Black adolescents, as well as ethnic differences in externalizing behavior (e.g., substance use, delinquency). The current study combined these areas by examining racial/ethnic differences in mental health correlates of trauma exposure. Method: Interviews were conducted to assess polyvictimization, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depressive disorder (MDD), substance use, and delinquency in a nationally representative sample of adolescents (N = 3,614; 15.4% non-Hispanic Black; 11.3% Hispanic; 64.9% non-Hispanic White). Results: Hispanic and non-Hispanic Black adolescents endorsed greater polyvictimization than non-Hispanic Whites; however, differences in MDD and PTSD were only significant when assessed with symptom counts. Non-Hispanic Black adolescents reported the least drug use. Non-Hispanic Black and Hispanic adolescents endorsed more delinquency than non-Hispanic White adolescents. Polyvictimization only accounted for ethnic disparities in delinquency. Conclusion: Trauma-related disparities may differ across internalizing and externalizing concerns. Subsequent research should continue to examine other factors that may contribute to racial/ethnic differences in trauma sequelae.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)382-387
Number of pages6
JournalCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017

Fingerprint

Mental Disorders
trauma
Mental Health
mental health
delinquency
adolescent
Hispanic Americans
Wounds and Injuries
Major Depressive Disorder
posttraumatic stress disorder
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Anxiety Disorders
Mood Disorders
Research
mood
drug use
Interviews
violence
anxiety
interview

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Depression
  • Ethnic differences
  • Trauma exposure
  • Trauma reactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Racial/ethnic differences in trauma exposure and mental health disorders in adolescents. / López, Cristina M.; Andrews III, Arthur R; Chisolm, Andrea M.; de Arellano, Michael A.; Saunders, Benjamin; Kilpatrick, Dean G.

In: Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, Vol. 23, No. 3, 01.07.2017, p. 382-387.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

López, Cristina M. ; Andrews III, Arthur R ; Chisolm, Andrea M. ; de Arellano, Michael A. ; Saunders, Benjamin ; Kilpatrick, Dean G. / Racial/ethnic differences in trauma exposure and mental health disorders in adolescents. In: Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology. 2017 ; Vol. 23, No. 3. pp. 382-387.
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