Racial/ethnic and socioeconomic variations in duration of smoking: Results from 2003, 2006 and 2007 Tobacco Use Supplement of the Current Population Survey

Mohammad Siahpush, G. K. Singh, P. R. Jones, L. R. Timsina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Little is known about racial/ethnic and socioeconomic variations in the duration of smoking. The goal of this research was to examine these variations. Methods: Data came from the 2003, 2006 and 2007 Tobacco Use Supplement of the Current Population Survey. The analysis was limited to ever-smokers (n = 117,168). The outcome was number of years of daily smoking. Survival analysis was employed to predict smoking duration. Results: American Indians with 32 years had the highest median duration of smoking, followed by Blacks and 'other' races with 30 years, Whites with 28 years and Hispanics with 24 years. The difference in the duration of smoking between Blacks and Whites disappeared after adjusting for poverty. Individuals in poverty had a median duration of smoking of 40 years, while those with a family income of at least three times that of the poverty threshold had a median duration of 22 years. Median duration of smoking was 40 years among individuals without a high-school diploma and 18 years among those with a bachelors or higher degree. Conclusion: This research revealed large variations in smoking duration between racial/ethnic and socioeconomic groups. Longer exposure to tobacco among groups that are already disadvantaged is likely to exacerbate existing health disparities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)210-218
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Public Health
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2010

Fingerprint

Tobacco Use
Smoking
Population
Poverty
North American Indians
Surveys and Questionnaires
Vulnerable Populations
Survival Analysis
Hispanic Americans
Ethnic Groups
Research
Tobacco
Health

Keywords

  • Duration of smoking
  • Racial/ethnic
  • Socioeconomic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Racial/ethnic and socioeconomic variations in duration of smoking : Results from 2003, 2006 and 2007 Tobacco Use Supplement of the Current Population Survey. / Siahpush, Mohammad; Singh, G. K.; Jones, P. R.; Timsina, L. R.

In: Journal of Public Health, Vol. 32, No. 2, 01.06.2010, p. 210-218.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{99551b2e48ba43b6941bb42134ab7d4c,
title = "Racial/ethnic and socioeconomic variations in duration of smoking: Results from 2003, 2006 and 2007 Tobacco Use Supplement of the Current Population Survey",
abstract = "Background: Little is known about racial/ethnic and socioeconomic variations in the duration of smoking. The goal of this research was to examine these variations. Methods: Data came from the 2003, 2006 and 2007 Tobacco Use Supplement of the Current Population Survey. The analysis was limited to ever-smokers (n = 117,168). The outcome was number of years of daily smoking. Survival analysis was employed to predict smoking duration. Results: American Indians with 32 years had the highest median duration of smoking, followed by Blacks and 'other' races with 30 years, Whites with 28 years and Hispanics with 24 years. The difference in the duration of smoking between Blacks and Whites disappeared after adjusting for poverty. Individuals in poverty had a median duration of smoking of 40 years, while those with a family income of at least three times that of the poverty threshold had a median duration of 22 years. Median duration of smoking was 40 years among individuals without a high-school diploma and 18 years among those with a bachelors or higher degree. Conclusion: This research revealed large variations in smoking duration between racial/ethnic and socioeconomic groups. Longer exposure to tobacco among groups that are already disadvantaged is likely to exacerbate existing health disparities.",
keywords = "Duration of smoking, Racial/ethnic, Socioeconomic",
author = "Mohammad Siahpush and Singh, {G. K.} and Jones, {P. R.} and Timsina, {L. R.}",
year = "2010",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/pubmed/fdp104",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "32",
pages = "210--218",
journal = "Journal of Public Health",
issn = "1741-3842",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Racial/ethnic and socioeconomic variations in duration of smoking

T2 - Results from 2003, 2006 and 2007 Tobacco Use Supplement of the Current Population Survey

AU - Siahpush, Mohammad

AU - Singh, G. K.

AU - Jones, P. R.

AU - Timsina, L. R.

PY - 2010/6/1

Y1 - 2010/6/1

N2 - Background: Little is known about racial/ethnic and socioeconomic variations in the duration of smoking. The goal of this research was to examine these variations. Methods: Data came from the 2003, 2006 and 2007 Tobacco Use Supplement of the Current Population Survey. The analysis was limited to ever-smokers (n = 117,168). The outcome was number of years of daily smoking. Survival analysis was employed to predict smoking duration. Results: American Indians with 32 years had the highest median duration of smoking, followed by Blacks and 'other' races with 30 years, Whites with 28 years and Hispanics with 24 years. The difference in the duration of smoking between Blacks and Whites disappeared after adjusting for poverty. Individuals in poverty had a median duration of smoking of 40 years, while those with a family income of at least three times that of the poverty threshold had a median duration of 22 years. Median duration of smoking was 40 years among individuals without a high-school diploma and 18 years among those with a bachelors or higher degree. Conclusion: This research revealed large variations in smoking duration between racial/ethnic and socioeconomic groups. Longer exposure to tobacco among groups that are already disadvantaged is likely to exacerbate existing health disparities.

AB - Background: Little is known about racial/ethnic and socioeconomic variations in the duration of smoking. The goal of this research was to examine these variations. Methods: Data came from the 2003, 2006 and 2007 Tobacco Use Supplement of the Current Population Survey. The analysis was limited to ever-smokers (n = 117,168). The outcome was number of years of daily smoking. Survival analysis was employed to predict smoking duration. Results: American Indians with 32 years had the highest median duration of smoking, followed by Blacks and 'other' races with 30 years, Whites with 28 years and Hispanics with 24 years. The difference in the duration of smoking between Blacks and Whites disappeared after adjusting for poverty. Individuals in poverty had a median duration of smoking of 40 years, while those with a family income of at least three times that of the poverty threshold had a median duration of 22 years. Median duration of smoking was 40 years among individuals without a high-school diploma and 18 years among those with a bachelors or higher degree. Conclusion: This research revealed large variations in smoking duration between racial/ethnic and socioeconomic groups. Longer exposure to tobacco among groups that are already disadvantaged is likely to exacerbate existing health disparities.

KW - Duration of smoking

KW - Racial/ethnic

KW - Socioeconomic

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77952967980&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77952967980&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/pubmed/fdp104

DO - 10.1093/pubmed/fdp104

M3 - Article

C2 - 19892784

AN - SCOPUS:77952967980

VL - 32

SP - 210

EP - 218

JO - Journal of Public Health

JF - Journal of Public Health

SN - 1741-3842

IS - 2

ER -