Race/ethnicity and intention to quit cigarette smoking

Julia N. Soulakova, Jinyu Li, Lisa J. Crockett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The study examined racial/ethnic differences in smokers' intentions to quit smoking within the next 6 months. The sample included 20,693 current non-occasional smokers in the U.S. who responded to the 2010–2011 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey. The rates of intention to quit within 1 month were significantly higher for non-Hispanic (NH) Black (21%; OR = 1.44, CI = 1.24–1.67) and Hispanic (21%; OR = 1.42, CI = 1.20–1.68) than for the NH Whites (NHW, 15%). The rates of intention to quit within 6 months were significantly higher for NH Blacks (46%; OR = 1.35, CI = 1.18–1.55) than for NH Whites (39%) and significantly lower for NH American Indians/Alaska Natives (38%; OR = 0.54, CI = 0.33–0.90) and NH Asians (39% OR = 0.55, CI = 0.35–0.86) than for NH multiracial (53%) smokers. Most disparities existed even after adjusting for smoking-related and sociodemographic factors. For most racial/ethnic groups, non-daily smoking and doctor's advice to quit were positively associated with the odds of intending to quit. For each racial/ethnic group, having a longer quit attempt in the past 12 months was positively associated with the odds of intending to quit. For NH Whites, NH Blacks, and Hispanics, the specific differences between racial/ethnic groups also depended on getting a doctor's advice, education, and survey mode. Although a smoker's intention to quit may not necessarily lead to immediate smoking cessation, the lack of intention may drastically delay smoking cessation. The study highlights the importance of accounting for racial/ethnic disparities when designing and implementing interventions to motivate smokers to quit and aid smoking cessation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)160-165
Number of pages6
JournalPreventive Medicine Reports
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2017

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Keywords

  • Population-based studies
  • Racial/ethnic differences
  • Smoking cessation in the United States
  • Smoking-related behaviors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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