Quantitative Structure–Activity Study on Human Pharmacokinetic Parameters of Benzodiazepines Using the Graph Theoretical Approach

Rodney S. Markin, Wallace J. Murray, Harold Boxenbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations


The graph theoretical indices for a series of 13 benzodiazepines were calculated using a graph-path topological method. The total molecule, the ring fragments, and combinations of ring fragments were subjected to a quantitative structure–activity analysis using eight pharmacokinetic parameters. The metabolic clearance and the blood-to-plasma concentration ratios were most highly correlated with the graph theoretical indices, with R values of 0.975 and 0.938, respectively. These correlations were found when the diazepine + benzo fragment and phenyl fragment were used to calculate the graph-path indices. Terminal disposition half-life was correlated with the benzo + diazepine fragment, with R = 0.969. Truncating the graph-path codes by eliminating cycles in the total molecule markedly improved the correlation coefficients. When compared to the graph-path indices for the total molecule, the correlation coefficients for the terminal disposition half-life and metabolic clearance data rose from 0.721 to 0.935 and from 0.770 to 0.968, respectively, using the graph-path indices of the truncated molecule. Intrinsic clearance of unbound drug also was poorly correlated with the total molecule (r < 0.7) but rose significantly using the graph-path indices of the truncated moleucle (r = 0.971 and 0.975 for the well-stirred and parallel-tube models, respectively.)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-208
Number of pages8
JournalPharmaceutical Research: An Official Journal of the American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1988



  • benzodiazepines
  • pharmacokinetics
  • quantitative structure–activity analysis (QSAR)
  • topological approach

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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