Quantification of renal function following stereotactic body radiotherapy for pancreatic cancer: Secondary dosimetric analysis of a prospective clinical trial

Vivek Verma, Abhijeet R. Bhirud, Kyle A. Denniston, Nathan R. Bennion, Chi Lin

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Background: This is the first known study examining renal function following stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for pancreatic head adenocarcinoma. Methods: Thirty-eight borderline-resectable/unresectable patients, part of an ongoing prospective trial, underwent 3 cycles of gemcitabine/5-fluorouracil followed by SBRT (5 daily fractions of 5/6/7/8 Gy) and concurrent nelfinavir. Thereafter, in resectable cases, surgery was performed within 4-8 weeks. The last available pre-SBRT creatinine was recorded, along with the highest post-SBRT value. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was calculated by the commonly-utilized Modification of Diet in Renal Disease formula. GFR decline was defined as the post-SBRT nadir GFR minus the pre-SBRT GFR. Correlations with the V5-V30, and mean/maximum kidney doses was performed. Statistics included Pearson correlation, Mann-Whitney, and Fisher's exact tests. Results: The median total kidney volume was 355 cm3. Median dosimetric values were as follows: V5 (209 cm3), V10 (103 cm3), V15 (9 cm3), V20 (0 cm3), V25 (0 cm3); and mean (6.7 Gy) & maximum kidney dose (18.3 Gy). Median GFR change was -23 (range, -105 to 25) mL/min/1.73 cm2. Of all dosimetric parameters, only V5 was significantly associated with changes in GFR (Pearson r = -0.40, p = 0.012). In patients with V5 < 210 cm3, median GFR change was -11.8 mL/min/1.73 cm2, as compared with -37.1 mL/min/1.73 cm2 change in those with V5 ≥ 210 cm3 (p = 0.02). A GFR change < -23 mL/min/1.73 cm2 was observed in 6/20 (30%) patients with V5 < 210 cm3, versus 15/18 (83%) of those with V5 ≥ 210 cm3. Patients with V5 ≥ 210 cm3 were over ten times as likely to have GFR change < -23 mL/min/1.73 cm2 (p = 0.003). Using linear regression, GFR change ≈ -0.1748 × V5(cm3) + 8.63. Conclusions: In the first known analysis of renal function after pancreatic SBRT, evaluating patients on a prospective study, V5 ≥ 210 cm3 was associated with a post-SBRT GFR decline of >23 mL/min/1.73 cm2. If V5 is kept <210 cm3, median GFR decline was only 11.8 mL/min/1.73 cm2. Further validation is needed to ascertain definite dose-volume parameters and examine late renal decline.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number71
JournalRadiation Oncology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 27 2017



  • Glomerular filtration rate
  • Kidney
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Stereotactic body radiotherapy
  • Toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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