Purification and Characterization of Naturally Occurring Post-Translationally Cleaved Ara h 6, an Allergen That Contributes Substantially to the Allergenic Potency of Peanut

Govardus A.H. De Jong, Shyamali Jayasena, Philip E Johnson, Justin Marsh, Danijela Apostolovic, Marianne Van Hage, Julie Nordlee, Joseph L Baumert, Stephen L Taylor, Camille Roucairol, Harmen De Jongh, Stef J. Koppelman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The 2S albumin Ara h 6 is one of the most important peanut allergens. A post-translationally cleaved Ara h 6 (pAra h 6) was purified from Virginia type peanuts, and the cleavage site was mapped using high-resolution mass spectrometry. Compared to intact Ara h 6, pAra h 6 lacks a 5-amino acid stretch, resembling amino acids 43-47 (UniProt accession number Q647G9) in the nonstructured loop. Consequently, pAra h 6 consists of two chains: an N-terminal chain of approximately 5 kDa and a C-terminal chain of approximately 9 kDa, held together by disulfide bonds. Intermediate post-translationally cleaved products, in which this stretch is cleaved yet still attached to one of the subunits, are also present. The secondary structure and immunoglobulin E (IgE) binding of pAra h 6 resembles that of intact Ara h 6, indicating that the loss of the nonstructured loop is not critical for maintaining the protein structure. Commercially available monoclonal and polyclonal immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies directed to Ara h 6 react with both intact Ara h 6 and pAra h 6, suggesting that the involved epitopes are not located in the area that is post-translationally cleaved. No differences between intact Ara h 6 and pAra h 6 in terms of IgE binding were found, suggesting that the area that is post-translationally cleaved is not involved in IgE epitopes either. For all main cultivars Runner, Virginia, Valencia, and Spanish, intact Ara h 6 and pAra h 6 occur in peanut at similar levels, indicating that pAra h 6 is a consistent and important contributor to the allergenic potency of peanut.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10855-10863
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume66
Issue number41
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 17 2018

Fingerprint

allergens
immunoglobulin E
Allergens
Immunoglobulin E
Purification
peanuts
Epitopes
epitopes
Amino Acids
Disulfides
amino acids
Mass spectrometry
Albumins
disulfide bonds
immunoglobulin G
protein structure
Immunoglobulin G
albumins
Mass Spectrometry
Antibodies

Keywords

  • allergen
  • Arachis hypogaea
  • IgE
  • mass spectrometry
  • peanut

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Purification and Characterization of Naturally Occurring Post-Translationally Cleaved Ara h 6, an Allergen That Contributes Substantially to the Allergenic Potency of Peanut. / De Jong, Govardus A.H.; Jayasena, Shyamali; Johnson, Philip E; Marsh, Justin; Apostolovic, Danijela; Van Hage, Marianne; Nordlee, Julie; Baumert, Joseph L; Taylor, Stephen L; Roucairol, Camille; De Jongh, Harmen; Koppelman, Stef J.

In: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol. 66, No. 41, 17.10.2018, p. 10855-10863.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

De Jong, Govardus A.H. ; Jayasena, Shyamali ; Johnson, Philip E ; Marsh, Justin ; Apostolovic, Danijela ; Van Hage, Marianne ; Nordlee, Julie ; Baumert, Joseph L ; Taylor, Stephen L ; Roucairol, Camille ; De Jongh, Harmen ; Koppelman, Stef J. / Purification and Characterization of Naturally Occurring Post-Translationally Cleaved Ara h 6, an Allergen That Contributes Substantially to the Allergenic Potency of Peanut. In: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2018 ; Vol. 66, No. 41. pp. 10855-10863.
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title = "Purification and Characterization of Naturally Occurring Post-Translationally Cleaved Ara h 6, an Allergen That Contributes Substantially to the Allergenic Potency of Peanut",
abstract = "The 2S albumin Ara h 6 is one of the most important peanut allergens. A post-translationally cleaved Ara h 6 (pAra h 6) was purified from Virginia type peanuts, and the cleavage site was mapped using high-resolution mass spectrometry. Compared to intact Ara h 6, pAra h 6 lacks a 5-amino acid stretch, resembling amino acids 43-47 (UniProt accession number Q647G9) in the nonstructured loop. Consequently, pAra h 6 consists of two chains: an N-terminal chain of approximately 5 kDa and a C-terminal chain of approximately 9 kDa, held together by disulfide bonds. Intermediate post-translationally cleaved products, in which this stretch is cleaved yet still attached to one of the subunits, are also present. The secondary structure and immunoglobulin E (IgE) binding of pAra h 6 resembles that of intact Ara h 6, indicating that the loss of the nonstructured loop is not critical for maintaining the protein structure. Commercially available monoclonal and polyclonal immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies directed to Ara h 6 react with both intact Ara h 6 and pAra h 6, suggesting that the involved epitopes are not located in the area that is post-translationally cleaved. No differences between intact Ara h 6 and pAra h 6 in terms of IgE binding were found, suggesting that the area that is post-translationally cleaved is not involved in IgE epitopes either. For all main cultivars Runner, Virginia, Valencia, and Spanish, intact Ara h 6 and pAra h 6 occur in peanut at similar levels, indicating that pAra h 6 is a consistent and important contributor to the allergenic potency of peanut.",
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T1 - Purification and Characterization of Naturally Occurring Post-Translationally Cleaved Ara h 6, an Allergen That Contributes Substantially to the Allergenic Potency of Peanut

AU - De Jong, Govardus A.H.

AU - Jayasena, Shyamali

AU - Johnson, Philip E

AU - Marsh, Justin

AU - Apostolovic, Danijela

AU - Van Hage, Marianne

AU - Nordlee, Julie

AU - Baumert, Joseph L

AU - Taylor, Stephen L

AU - Roucairol, Camille

AU - De Jongh, Harmen

AU - Koppelman, Stef J.

PY - 2018/10/17

Y1 - 2018/10/17

N2 - The 2S albumin Ara h 6 is one of the most important peanut allergens. A post-translationally cleaved Ara h 6 (pAra h 6) was purified from Virginia type peanuts, and the cleavage site was mapped using high-resolution mass spectrometry. Compared to intact Ara h 6, pAra h 6 lacks a 5-amino acid stretch, resembling amino acids 43-47 (UniProt accession number Q647G9) in the nonstructured loop. Consequently, pAra h 6 consists of two chains: an N-terminal chain of approximately 5 kDa and a C-terminal chain of approximately 9 kDa, held together by disulfide bonds. Intermediate post-translationally cleaved products, in which this stretch is cleaved yet still attached to one of the subunits, are also present. The secondary structure and immunoglobulin E (IgE) binding of pAra h 6 resembles that of intact Ara h 6, indicating that the loss of the nonstructured loop is not critical for maintaining the protein structure. Commercially available monoclonal and polyclonal immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies directed to Ara h 6 react with both intact Ara h 6 and pAra h 6, suggesting that the involved epitopes are not located in the area that is post-translationally cleaved. No differences between intact Ara h 6 and pAra h 6 in terms of IgE binding were found, suggesting that the area that is post-translationally cleaved is not involved in IgE epitopes either. For all main cultivars Runner, Virginia, Valencia, and Spanish, intact Ara h 6 and pAra h 6 occur in peanut at similar levels, indicating that pAra h 6 is a consistent and important contributor to the allergenic potency of peanut.

AB - The 2S albumin Ara h 6 is one of the most important peanut allergens. A post-translationally cleaved Ara h 6 (pAra h 6) was purified from Virginia type peanuts, and the cleavage site was mapped using high-resolution mass spectrometry. Compared to intact Ara h 6, pAra h 6 lacks a 5-amino acid stretch, resembling amino acids 43-47 (UniProt accession number Q647G9) in the nonstructured loop. Consequently, pAra h 6 consists of two chains: an N-terminal chain of approximately 5 kDa and a C-terminal chain of approximately 9 kDa, held together by disulfide bonds. Intermediate post-translationally cleaved products, in which this stretch is cleaved yet still attached to one of the subunits, are also present. The secondary structure and immunoglobulin E (IgE) binding of pAra h 6 resembles that of intact Ara h 6, indicating that the loss of the nonstructured loop is not critical for maintaining the protein structure. Commercially available monoclonal and polyclonal immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies directed to Ara h 6 react with both intact Ara h 6 and pAra h 6, suggesting that the involved epitopes are not located in the area that is post-translationally cleaved. No differences between intact Ara h 6 and pAra h 6 in terms of IgE binding were found, suggesting that the area that is post-translationally cleaved is not involved in IgE epitopes either. For all main cultivars Runner, Virginia, Valencia, and Spanish, intact Ara h 6 and pAra h 6 occur in peanut at similar levels, indicating that pAra h 6 is a consistent and important contributor to the allergenic potency of peanut.

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KW - IgE

KW - mass spectrometry

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