PTSD and reasons for living

Associations with depressive symptoms and alcohol use

Daniel J. Lee, Gabrielle I. Liverant, Sara Lowmaster, Jaimie L. Gradus, Denise M. Sloan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with suicidal ideation and behavior, and is found to frequently co-occur with other conditions that exacerbate the risk for suicidal behavior. Despite these findings, few individuals with PTSD engage in suicidal acts, and there has been little research to examine those factors that protect against such behaviors. The current study used path analysis to examine the association among PTSD, depression, hazardous alcohol consumption, and beliefs about suicide (i.e., reasons for living) in a community sample with motor vehicle accident related-PTSD (N=50). Reasons for living were inversely associated with PTSD, depression, and alcohol use. Further, depression symptom severity accounted for the association between PTSD symptom severity and reasons for living. In contrast, hazardous alcohol consumption only demonstrated a trend for accounting for the association between PTSD and reasons for living. Our findings highlight the importance of clinicians assessing co-occurring depression symptoms and suggest the potential use of interventions that promote adaptive cognitions about suicide among people with PTSD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)550-555
Number of pages6
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume219
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 30 2014

Fingerprint

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Alcohols
Depression
Alcohol Drinking
Suicide
Suicidal Ideation
Motor Vehicles
Risk-Taking
Cognition
Accidents
Research

Keywords

  • Alcohol use
  • Depression
  • PTSD
  • Reasons for living
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cite this

PTSD and reasons for living : Associations with depressive symptoms and alcohol use. / Lee, Daniel J.; Liverant, Gabrielle I.; Lowmaster, Sara; Gradus, Jaimie L.; Sloan, Denise M.

In: Psychiatry Research, Vol. 219, No. 3, 30.11.2014, p. 550-555.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, Daniel J. ; Liverant, Gabrielle I. ; Lowmaster, Sara ; Gradus, Jaimie L. ; Sloan, Denise M. / PTSD and reasons for living : Associations with depressive symptoms and alcohol use. In: Psychiatry Research. 2014 ; Vol. 219, No. 3. pp. 550-555.
@article{543bf087f5d14e48801ac6144d301d0a,
title = "PTSD and reasons for living: Associations with depressive symptoms and alcohol use",
abstract = "Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with suicidal ideation and behavior, and is found to frequently co-occur with other conditions that exacerbate the risk for suicidal behavior. Despite these findings, few individuals with PTSD engage in suicidal acts, and there has been little research to examine those factors that protect against such behaviors. The current study used path analysis to examine the association among PTSD, depression, hazardous alcohol consumption, and beliefs about suicide (i.e., reasons for living) in a community sample with motor vehicle accident related-PTSD (N=50). Reasons for living were inversely associated with PTSD, depression, and alcohol use. Further, depression symptom severity accounted for the association between PTSD symptom severity and reasons for living. In contrast, hazardous alcohol consumption only demonstrated a trend for accounting for the association between PTSD and reasons for living. Our findings highlight the importance of clinicians assessing co-occurring depression symptoms and suggest the potential use of interventions that promote adaptive cognitions about suicide among people with PTSD.",
keywords = "Alcohol use, Depression, PTSD, Reasons for living, Trauma",
author = "Lee, {Daniel J.} and Liverant, {Gabrielle I.} and Sara Lowmaster and Gradus, {Jaimie L.} and Sloan, {Denise M.}",
year = "2014",
month = "11",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.psychres.2014.06.016",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "219",
pages = "550--555",
journal = "Psychiatry Research",
issn = "0165-1781",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - PTSD and reasons for living

T2 - Associations with depressive symptoms and alcohol use

AU - Lee, Daniel J.

AU - Liverant, Gabrielle I.

AU - Lowmaster, Sara

AU - Gradus, Jaimie L.

AU - Sloan, Denise M.

PY - 2014/11/30

Y1 - 2014/11/30

N2 - Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with suicidal ideation and behavior, and is found to frequently co-occur with other conditions that exacerbate the risk for suicidal behavior. Despite these findings, few individuals with PTSD engage in suicidal acts, and there has been little research to examine those factors that protect against such behaviors. The current study used path analysis to examine the association among PTSD, depression, hazardous alcohol consumption, and beliefs about suicide (i.e., reasons for living) in a community sample with motor vehicle accident related-PTSD (N=50). Reasons for living were inversely associated with PTSD, depression, and alcohol use. Further, depression symptom severity accounted for the association between PTSD symptom severity and reasons for living. In contrast, hazardous alcohol consumption only demonstrated a trend for accounting for the association between PTSD and reasons for living. Our findings highlight the importance of clinicians assessing co-occurring depression symptoms and suggest the potential use of interventions that promote adaptive cognitions about suicide among people with PTSD.

AB - Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with suicidal ideation and behavior, and is found to frequently co-occur with other conditions that exacerbate the risk for suicidal behavior. Despite these findings, few individuals with PTSD engage in suicidal acts, and there has been little research to examine those factors that protect against such behaviors. The current study used path analysis to examine the association among PTSD, depression, hazardous alcohol consumption, and beliefs about suicide (i.e., reasons for living) in a community sample with motor vehicle accident related-PTSD (N=50). Reasons for living were inversely associated with PTSD, depression, and alcohol use. Further, depression symptom severity accounted for the association between PTSD symptom severity and reasons for living. In contrast, hazardous alcohol consumption only demonstrated a trend for accounting for the association between PTSD and reasons for living. Our findings highlight the importance of clinicians assessing co-occurring depression symptoms and suggest the potential use of interventions that promote adaptive cognitions about suicide among people with PTSD.

KW - Alcohol use

KW - Depression

KW - PTSD

KW - Reasons for living

KW - Trauma

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84907597105&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84907597105&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.psychres.2014.06.016

DO - 10.1016/j.psychres.2014.06.016

M3 - Article

VL - 219

SP - 550

EP - 555

JO - Psychiatry Research

JF - Psychiatry Research

SN - 0165-1781

IS - 3

ER -