Psychopathy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Psychopathy is a developmental disorder associated with increased risk of instrumental and reactive aggression and with chronic and violent antisocial behavior in both youth and adults. Individuals with psychopathy show specific impairments in stimulus-reinforcement learning, emotional processing, and moral decision making. These deficits have been tied to dysfunctional amygdala response and to problems appropriately representing reinforcement expectancies in ventromedial prefrontal cortex. While treatment recommendations are currently sparse, recent work has shown that previous assessments of treatment amenability in this population may have been overly pessimistic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages451-456
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780080970875
ISBN (Print)9780080970868
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 26 2015

Fingerprint

reinforcement
developmental disorder
aggression
deficit
stimulus
decision making
learning

Keywords

  • Aggression
  • Antisocial behavior
  • Antisocial personality disorder
  • Callous-unemotional traits
  • Conduct disorder
  • Psychopathy
  • Violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

White, S. F., & Blair, J. R. (2015). Psychopathy. In International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition (pp. 451-456). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.56032-2

Psychopathy. / White, Stuart F.; Blair, James R.

International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc., 2015. p. 451-456.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

White, SF & Blair, JR 2015, Psychopathy. in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc., pp. 451-456. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.56032-2
White SF, Blair JR. Psychopathy. In International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc. 2015. p. 451-456 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.56032-2
White, Stuart F. ; Blair, James R. / Psychopathy. International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc., 2015. pp. 451-456
@inbook{3c7315736b354aa789cb6327c15d9540,
title = "Psychopathy",
abstract = "Psychopathy is a developmental disorder associated with increased risk of instrumental and reactive aggression and with chronic and violent antisocial behavior in both youth and adults. Individuals with psychopathy show specific impairments in stimulus-reinforcement learning, emotional processing, and moral decision making. These deficits have been tied to dysfunctional amygdala response and to problems appropriately representing reinforcement expectancies in ventromedial prefrontal cortex. While treatment recommendations are currently sparse, recent work has shown that previous assessments of treatment amenability in this population may have been overly pessimistic.",
keywords = "Aggression, Antisocial behavior, Antisocial personality disorder, Callous-unemotional traits, Conduct disorder, Psychopathy, Violence",
author = "White, {Stuart F.} and Blair, {James R.}",
year = "2015",
month = "3",
day = "26",
doi = "10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.56032-2",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780080970868",
pages = "451--456",
booktitle = "International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Psychopathy

AU - White, Stuart F.

AU - Blair, James R.

PY - 2015/3/26

Y1 - 2015/3/26

N2 - Psychopathy is a developmental disorder associated with increased risk of instrumental and reactive aggression and with chronic and violent antisocial behavior in both youth and adults. Individuals with psychopathy show specific impairments in stimulus-reinforcement learning, emotional processing, and moral decision making. These deficits have been tied to dysfunctional amygdala response and to problems appropriately representing reinforcement expectancies in ventromedial prefrontal cortex. While treatment recommendations are currently sparse, recent work has shown that previous assessments of treatment amenability in this population may have been overly pessimistic.

AB - Psychopathy is a developmental disorder associated with increased risk of instrumental and reactive aggression and with chronic and violent antisocial behavior in both youth and adults. Individuals with psychopathy show specific impairments in stimulus-reinforcement learning, emotional processing, and moral decision making. These deficits have been tied to dysfunctional amygdala response and to problems appropriately representing reinforcement expectancies in ventromedial prefrontal cortex. While treatment recommendations are currently sparse, recent work has shown that previous assessments of treatment amenability in this population may have been overly pessimistic.

KW - Aggression

KW - Antisocial behavior

KW - Antisocial personality disorder

KW - Callous-unemotional traits

KW - Conduct disorder

KW - Psychopathy

KW - Violence

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85043430709&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85043430709&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.56032-2

DO - 10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.56032-2

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:85043430709

SN - 9780080970868

SP - 451

EP - 456

BT - International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition

PB - Elsevier Inc.

ER -