Psychology and learning: The role of the clinical learning environment

Kelly J. Caverzagie, Mitchell G. Goldenberg, Jena M. Hall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The clinical learning environment for the postgraduate education of physicians significantly influences the learning process and the outcomes of learning. Two critical aspects of the learning environment, when viewed through a psychology lens are (1) constructs from psychology relevant to learning, such as cognitive load theory and learner self-efficacy; and (2) psychological attributes of the context in which learning occurs such as psychological safety and “Just Culture”. In this paper, we address selected psychological aspects of the clinical learning environment, with a particular focus on the establishment and sustainment of psychological safety in the clinical learning environment for physicians. Psychological safety is defined as individuals’ perceptions that they can speak out in the learning or working context without consequences for their professional standing or risks to their status on work teams or groups. We close with seven critical strategies for use by educators, learners, health systems leaders, and other stakeholders to contribute to a clinical environment that optimizes learning. These dimensions can also provide avenues for future research to enhance the community’s understanding of psychological constructs operating in the clinical learning environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)375-379
Number of pages5
JournalMedical teacher
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 3 2019

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learning environment
psychology
learning
physician
self-efficacy
learning process
stakeholder
educator
leader
health
education
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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

Cite this

Psychology and learning : The role of the clinical learning environment. / Caverzagie, Kelly J.; Goldenberg, Mitchell G.; Hall, Jena M.

In: Medical teacher, Vol. 41, No. 4, 03.04.2019, p. 375-379.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Caverzagie, Kelly J. ; Goldenberg, Mitchell G. ; Hall, Jena M. / Psychology and learning : The role of the clinical learning environment. In: Medical teacher. 2019 ; Vol. 41, No. 4. pp. 375-379.
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