Many biological processes converge on the mitochondria. In such systems, where many pathways converge, manipulation of the components can produce varied and far-reaching effects. Due to the centrality of the mitochondria in many cellular pathways, we decided to investigate the brain mitochondrial proteome during early development. Using a SWATH mass spectrometry-based technique, we were able to identify vast proteomic alterations between whole brain mitochondria from rats at embryonic day 18 compared to postnatal day 7. These findings include statistically significant alterations in proteins involved in glycolysis and mitochondrial trafficking/dynamics. Additionally, bioinformatic analysis enabled the identification of HIF1A and XBP1 as upstream transcriptional regulators of many of the differentially expressed proteins. These data suggest that the cell is rearranging the mitochondria to accommodate special energy demands and that cytosolic proteins exert mitochondrial effects through dynamic interactions with the mitochondria. Biological significance: Although mitochondria play critical roles in many cellular pathways, our understanding of how these organelles change over time is limited. The changes occurring in the mitochondria at early time points are especially important as many mitochondrial disorders produce neurological dysfunction early in life. Herein, we utilize a SWATH mass spectrometry approach to quantify proteomic alterations of rat brain mitochondria between embryonic and postnatal stages. We found this method to be highly reproducible, enabling the identification of alterations in many biochemical pathways and mitochondrial properties. This insight into the distinct changes in these biological pathways to maintain homeostasis under divergent conditions will help elucidate the pathological changes occurring in disease states.
- Bioenergetics/electron transfer complex
- Oxidative stress
ASJC Scopus subject areas