Protective effects of interferon-gamma in intraocular herpes simplex type 1 infection do not depend on major histocompatibility complex class I or class II expression.

K. D. Geiger, M. S. Lee, C. Baugh, N. E. Sarvetnick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intraocular infection with herpes simplex virus type I strain F (HSV-1) induces bilateral retinitis, the expression of both MHC class I and II molecules and activation of CD4 and CD8 cells. To investigate the role of MHC upregulation in IFN-gamma mediated antiviral effects in intraocular infection with HSV-1, we infected MHC deficient mice and mice with an additional ectopic site of IFN-gamma production in their retina (rho gamma) intravitreally with HSV-1 into one eye. Protective effects of IFN-gamma in intraocular HSV-1 infection were notable as sparing of the contralateral non-inoculated eye from retinitis, and were not dependent on MHC class I and class II expression, thus limiting the importance of MHC expression for the outcome of viral infection in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)405-409
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of neurovirology
Volume1
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1995

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Virology

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