Properties of High-Speed Spun High Molecular Weight Poly(ethylene terephthalate) Filaments

Jung Yul Lim, Sang Yong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High-speed spinning of high molecular weight poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) having an intrinsic viscosity of 0.98 dL/g was performed at the take-up velocity range of 2.5-5.5 km/min. The structure of the as-spun filaments was analyzed by density, birefringence, WAXS, DSC, boiling water shrinkage, and tensile properties. Stress-induced crystallization takes place above 3 km/min, which is confirmed by the steep increase in density, the growth of the crystal size, melting point increase, and the decrease in boiling water shrinkage. The plot of crystallinity versus birefringence shows that crystallinity increases drastically after birefringence reaches the value of about 0.075. A comparison with the data of other researchers will clearly present the effects of molecular weight on the properties of PET filaments spun at high speed, for example, the take-up velocity range of the steep increase in density for high molecular weight PET is lower than that for low molecular weight PET by about 1 km/min.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1283-1291
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume71
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 22 1999

Fingerprint

Polyethylene Terephthalates
Polyethylene terephthalates
Birefringence
Molecular weight
Crystallization
Boiling liquids
Water
Tensile properties
Melting point
Viscosity
Crystals

Keywords

  • High molecular weight PET
  • High-speed spinning
  • Stress-induced crystallization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Properties of High-Speed Spun High Molecular Weight Poly(ethylene terephthalate) Filaments. / Lim, Jung Yul; Kim, Sang Yong.

In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 71, No. 8, 22.02.1999, p. 1283-1291.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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