Properties of high-quality long natural cellulose fibers from rice straw

Narendra Reddy, Yiqi Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reports the structure and properties of novel long natural cellulose fibers obtained from rice straw. Rice straw fibers have 64% cellulose with 63% crystalline cellulose, strength of 3.5 g/denier (450 MPa), elongation of 2.2%, and modulus of 200 g/denier (26 GPa), similar to that of linen fibers. The rice straw fibers reported here have better properties than any other natural cellulose fiber obtained from an agricultural byproduct. With a worldwide annual availability of 580 million tons, rice straw is an annually renewable, abundant, and cheap source for natural cellulose fibers. Using rice straw for high-value fibrous applications will help to add value to the rice crops, provide a sustainable resource for fibers, and also benefit the environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8077-8081
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume54
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 18 2006

Fingerprint

cellulosic fibers
Straw
rice straw
Cellulose
Fibers
cellulose
Bedding and Linens
byproducts
Linen
Oryza
Crops
rice
Byproducts
Elongation
crops
Availability
Crystalline materials

Keywords

  • Biofibers
  • Cellulose
  • Rice straw
  • Value addition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Properties of high-quality long natural cellulose fibers from rice straw. / Reddy, Narendra; Yang, Yiqi.

In: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol. 54, No. 21, 18.10.2006, p. 8077-8081.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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